Most of these skin disorders can be treated on an outpatient basis, unless they have reached a severe stage. A few of these disorders, such as malignant histiocytosis, amyloidosis, and nodular dermatofibrosis, are almost always fatal. Dogs with calcinosis cutis may need to be hospitalized for sepsis and intense topical therapy.
Some of the other forms of dermatoses with nodules or granulomas are discussed below:
- Amyloidosis: no known therapy, unless the lesion is solitary and can be surgically removed
- Spherulocytosis: the only effective treatment is surgical removal
- Foreign body reactions are best treated by removal of the offending substance if possible
- For hair foreign bodies, the dog should be placed on softer bedding and topical therapy with keratolytic agents should be initiated. Many dogs with hair foreign bodies also have secondary deep bacterial infections that need to be treated with both topical and systemic antibiotics
- Malignant histiocytosis: no effective therapy. It is rapidly fatal
- Calcinosis cutis: underlying disease must be controlled if possible. Most cases require antibiotics to control secondary bacterial infections. Hydrotherapy and frequent bathing in antibacterial shampoos minimize secondary problems. If lesions are extensive, serum calcium levels should be monitored closely
- Calcinosis circumscripta: surgical excision is the therapy of choice in most cases
- Sterile panniculitis: single lesions can be removed surgically
- Nodular dermatofibrosis: no therapy for most cases, because the cystadenocarcinomas are usually bilateral
- For the rare unilateral case of cystadenocarcinoma or a cystadenoma, removal of the single affected kidney may be helpful
- Cutaneous xanthoma: correction of the underlying diabetes mellitus or hyperlipoproteinemia is usually curative
Living and Management
Your veterinarian will prescribe medication dependent upon your dog's diagnosis and condition. If your dog is taking long-term glucocorticoids, bloodwork and a urinalysis will need to be performed every six months. If your dog is taking dimethylsulfoxide for calcinosis cutis, bloodwork should be performed every 1-2 weeks to monitor calcium levels until they are regulated.
Something that is related to the whole body and not just one particular part or organ
A condition of having only one side
An in-depth examination of the properties of urine; used to determine the presence or absence of illness
A medical condition; the contamination of a living thing by a harmful type of bacteria
A change in the way that tissue is constructed; a sore
Not being able to cause harm; the opposite of malignant.
Having two sides
Used to refer to any drug or medical substance that has the ability to slow down or stop the growth of bacteria and other such organisms.
Something that becomes worse or life threatening as it spreads