Medication is necessary in cases of bacterial pneumonia; the proper antimicrobial can be selected based on results of bacterial cultures taken from a tracheal wash, for example. Additional treatment depends on the severity of signs. If multiple symptoms occur, such as anorexia, high fever, and weight loss, your dog will be actively treated in hospital to start.
If respiratory distress is apparent, oxygen therapy may be necessary. To avoid dehydration, your veterinarian may recommend administering electrolytes by intravenous (IV) fluid therapy.
Restrict your dog's activities throughout treatment, except as part of physiotherapy, or to help improve clearing of the lungs and airways. Be attentive to your pet's needs. Although you will need to allow for plenty of recuperative rest, you will also need to prevent your dog from lying in one position for long periods of time to avoid the risk of fluid accumulation in one spot. Encourage your dog to change positions semi-frequently.
After the initial treatment, your dog should be fed a diet high in protein and energy density. Your veterinarian will monitor your dog's progress with blood tests, and if needed, X-rays of the chest and lung cavity. Any prescribed antimicrobial medications should be administered regularly, as prescribed by your veterinarian.
One way in which bacterial pneumonia can be prevented is by ensuring that pets receive regular vaccinations for prevention of infections.
Additional vaccinations may be necessary in special situations; for example, dogs housed in kennels, and thereby exposed to a large number of animals, should be vaccinated against the B. bronchiseptica virus.
The return of food into the oral cavity after it has been swallowed
A product made of fluid, cell waste, and cells
A medical condition; the contamination of a living thing by a harmful type of bacteria
Something that is related to the whole body and not just one particular part or organ
The windpipe; it carries air from the bronchi to the mouth
Pertaining to the lungs
a) Mass per volume b) The number of animals in a given area
Bacteria that does not require the presence of free oxygen to live, survive, and reproduce; may even be hindered by the presence of free oxygen in their environment.
The use of a stethoscope (usually) in listening to the sounds of an animal's body.
The singular form of the word bacteria; a tiny, microscopic organism only made up of one cell.
A medical condition in which the body has lost fluid or water in excessive amounts
a) living in an environment lacking free oxygen b) pertaining to an organism with the ability to live in an environment lacking free oxygen.