Hi stranger! Signing up for MypetMD is easy, free and puts the most relevant content at your fingertips.

Get Instant Access To

  • 24/7 alerts for pet-related recalls

  • Your own library of articles, blogs, and favorite pet names

  • Tools designed to keep your pets happy and healthy

or Connect with Facebook

By joining petMD, you agree to the Privacy Policy.

PetMD Seal

Pneumonia (Bacterial) in Dogs




Medication is necessary in cases of bacterial pneumonia; the proper antimicrobial can be selected based on results of bacterial cultures taken from a tracheal wash, for example. Additional treatment depends on the severity of signs. If multiple symptoms occur, such as anorexia, high fever, and weight loss, your dog will be actively treated in hospital to start.


If respiratory distress is apparent, oxygen therapy may be necessary. To avoid dehydration, your veterinarian may recommend administering electrolytes by intravenous (IV) fluid therapy.


Restrict your dog's activities throughout treatment, except as part of physiotherapy, or to help improve clearing of the lungs and airways. Be attentive to your pet's needs. Although you will need to allow for plenty of recuperative rest, you will also need to prevent your dog from lying in one position for long periods of time to avoid the risk of fluid accumulation in one spot. Encourage your dog to change positions semi-frequently.


Living and Management


After the initial treatment, your dog should be fed a diet high in protein and energy density. Your veterinarian will monitor your dog's progress with blood tests, and if needed, X-rays of the chest and lung cavity. Any prescribed antimicrobial medications should be administered regularly, as prescribed by your veterinarian.




One way in which bacterial pneumonia can be prevented is by ensuring that pets receive regular vaccinations for prevention of infections.


Additional vaccinations may be necessary in special situations; for example, dogs housed in kennels, and thereby exposed to a large number of animals, should be vaccinated against the B. bronchiseptica virus.



Related Articles

Drowning (Near Drowning) in Dogs

Near-drowning is determined by an event that involves prolonged submersion in water, followed by survival for at least 24 hours afterward.

Runny Nose in Dogs

Nasal discharge usually occurs when infectious, chemical, or inflammatory invaders irritate the nasal passages. It may also be from a foreign...

Nose and Sinus Inflammation in Dogs

Rhinitis refers to the inflammation of an animal's nose; sinusitis, meanwhile, refers to the inflammation of the nasal passages. Both medical...

Pneumonia (Aspiration) in Dogs

Aspiration (or inhalation) pneumonia is a condition in which a dog's lungs become inflamed due to the inhalation of foreign matter, from vomiting,...