Vaginal Abnormalities in Dogs
Vaginal Malformations and Acquired Lesions in Dogs
Vaginal malformations are recognized as altered anatomic architecture, which can be due to congenital anomalies such as an imperforate hymen (where the hymen is solid, not allowing fluids through the vaginal canal from the uterus, or normal penetration [such as for breeding]; generally a congenital anomaly); dorsoventral septum (or septae, where the vagina has a vertical dividing membranous wall/partition); hymenal tightening; cysts (a sac with liquid inside); or to acquired conditions, such as vaginal overgrowth, foreign bodies, strictures (tightenings), adhesions (abnormal fibrous tissue sticking to the structures), and cancer.
Symptoms and Types
Your veterinarian will perform a thorough physical exam on your dog, taking into account the background history of symptoms and possible incidents that might have led to this condition. A complete blood profile will be conducted, including a chemical blood profile, a complete blood count, a urinalysis and an electrolyte panel to rule out other diseases. The urinalysis may show evidence of a secondary urinary tract infection. After the initial examination, your veterinarian will perform a gynecological examination as well.
The order in which the procedures are performed is important. They are listed here in the recommended order:
A tube found between the bladder and the outside of the body; used to assist in urination.
A wall or partition that is designed to divide and separate
The very end of the large intestine
An in-depth examination of the properties of urine; used to determine the presence or absence of illness
The hollow bodily organ that holds the embryo and fetus and provides nourishment; only found in female animals.
The genitalia of a female; found on the outside
A medical condition in which the vagina becomes inflamed.
The term for the hip and related area
urinary tract infection
Also referred to as a UTI; a medical condition of the urinary tract and system in which the cells are damaged by microorganisms.
Any growth or organ on an animal that is not normal
The widening of something
The maximum potential that an animal has as far as its potential profit in terms of meat, eggs, milk, or other goods useful to people; may also refer to their ability to mate and birth and nurse young.
A method of breeding in which semen is collected and stored to be inserted into the vagina without actual breeding activity; often shortened to AI in the veterinary world.
The reproductive cycle of female animals
The time period in which a female is receptive to male attention
The dropping of urine at the wrong time or place
The fold of membrane that covers the vagina
Any substance known to eliminate feeling; usually applied during a painful medical procedure.
Vaginal Discharge in Dogs
Vaginal discharge refers to any substance coming from the animal's vagina. Types...
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