Analgesic medications (those that relieve pain) are used as the initial treatment for neuropathic pain. The amount given may need to be changed until the best effect is achieved. Other types of pain relievers may be tried until the one that works best for your dog is found. Some veterinarians may choose to use several pain medications at one time and then taper off until only one is being given.
One medication that has been used with success for long-term pain is gabapentin. This anti-seizure drug has analgesic properties that are particularly effective for reducing neuropathic pain in dogs. Gabapentin is given once daily for pain control and can be given with or without food. The particular side effects of this drug include sedation, weight gain and stumbling (ataxia). Diarrhea may also be seen in some animals.
Living and Management
Dogs with chronic pain may gain considerable relief from analgesic medications. The quality of life for these animals can be much improved, as long as the underlying condition causing the pain is under control.
In dogs with kidney problems, the dosage of gabapentin may be reduced, as the drug is processed through the kidneys and they must be functioning properly for the drug to be removed from the body. Animals that are pregnant should not be treated with gabapentin. When discontinuing the medication, gabapentin should be slowly tapered off to prevent seizures from occurring after long-term use.
The padding found between the vertebrae that keeps them from rubbing together
An involuntary action in which the muscles contract; caused by a problem with the brain.
The wasting away of certain tissues; a medical condition that occurs when tissues fail to grow.
A medical condition in which an animal is unable to control the movements of their muscles; may result in collapse or stumbling.
Any medication that is designed to aid in relieving pain without being a sedative.
The process of removing all or part of a body part; usually refers to a limb (arm or leg) and is done for medical reasons.