Corticosteroids are typically used to suppress an overactive active immune system, which may be an underlying factor. In addition, antibiotics are prescribed to fight off infection. Long-term corticosteroids treatment may be required in dogs with severe immune-mediate diseases.
Living and Management
As muscle inflammation decreases, you will need to increase your pet's activity level to improve muscle strength. Dogs with an enlarged esophagus (megaesophagus) will require special feeding techniques. You will briefed about elevating feeding and adding various foods to the dog's diet, especially foods of different consistencies. In cases of severe regurgitation, your veterinarian will place a feeding tube into the dog's stomach to ensure proper nutrition. He or she will also show you how to use the feeding tube correctly, and will assist in setting up a feeding schedule. In addition, good supportive care is required to prevent skin wounds and ulcers in non-emergency patients.
Fortunately, dogs with polymositis and dermatomyositis due to immune-mediated causes have a good prognosis. If cancer is the underlying cause of the diseases, however, prognosis is poor.
The return of food into the oral cavity after it has been swallowed
A muscle that is involved in voluntary movement
An in-depth examination of the properties of urine; used to determine the presence or absence of illness
A product made of fluid, cell waste, and cells
Pertaining to the chest
A medical condition in which the smooth muscles become inflamed
The tube that extends from the mouth to the stomach
The term used to describe the movement of an animal
The term for an esophagus that is enlarged abnormally
A substance that causes chemical change to another
The prediction of a disease’s outcome in advance