After taking the blood and joint fluid samples and confirming a diagnosis of bacterial infection, antibiotics will be given to counter the infection. Which antibiotic will work best for your dog will depend on the results of the culture and sensitivity testing, both of which will tell your veterinarian about the microorganism involved in the joint infection.
The affected joint may need to be drained and washed to avoid further joint damage. In patients with chronic joint infections, surgery may be required to remove the debris and wash and clean the joint. A catheter is usually placed during surgery to allow continuous drainage for few days.
Arthroscopy -- a type of endoscope that is inserted into the joint through a small incision -- is another technique that can be used to allow for a close examination of the interior of the joint, and can also sometimes be used in the treatment of the interior of the joint. Compared to surgery, arthroscopy is a less invasive technique.
Identifying the source of the infection is very important for a successful and permanent resolution of the symptoms. If an infection is found in any other area of the body system, especially if it is found to be the source of the joint disease, treating the primary infection will as important as treating the joint infection. Your veterinarian may also take samples on daily basis from the fluid coming out of the joint to see if the infection is still present within the joint or not. Once fluid has stopped seeping from the affected joint the catheter will be removed.
The use of alternating cold and heat packing on the affected joint will help in promoting the blood flow and decreasing the swelling, thus promoting healing. This can be done at home. Your veterinarian will advise restricted movement for your dog until a complete resolution of the symptoms has been achieved. If it is difficult to keep your dog confined to one place, you may consider cage rest for a short time. Trips outdoors for bladder and bowel relief should be kept short and easy for your dog to handle during the recovery period.
If necessary, your veterinarian will also brief you on the proper care of the catheter that has been placed in your dog's affected joint. Though many patients respond well to antibiotic therapy, in a few patients the infection may be more stubborn and long-term antibiotic treatment may be required. Affected dogs usually respond to antibiotic treatment within 24-48 hours, but it may take 4-8 weeks or longer for some patients.
Even if the symptoms do subside quickly, it is essential to finish the full course of the prescribed medications in order to ensure that the infection does not rebound.
An in-depth examination of the properties of urine; used to determine the presence or absence of illness
Any type of pain or tenderness or lack of soundness in the feet or legs of animals
The endoscopic method of examining the inside of a joint.
A medical condition in which the joints become inflamed and causes a great deal of pain.
A type of instrument that is used to look inside the body