Diagnosis of Chagas Disease
You will need to give a thorough history of your dog’s health to your veterinarian, including the onset and nature of the symptoms and possible incidents that might have precipitated them. He or she will then perform a complete physical examination and may order a blood chemical profile with electrolyte panel, a complete blood count, a urinalysis, X-rays, electrocardiogram and ultrasound of the heart, and specific tests for Chagas disease (e.g., serology).
X-Rays may indicate heart changes associated with Chagas disease, while an echocardiogram can reveal the chamber or wall abnormalities often seen with chronic forms of the disease. An electrocardiogram can exposes heart arrhythmias and other changes that are associated with Chagas disease.
Treatment for Chagas Disease
Although several drugs have resulted in somewhat limited improvement in dogs during the acute stage, none produce a clinical “cure.” Unfortunately, even those dogs that get treatment may progress to the chronic form of the disease. In these cases, supportive treatment of heart complications is of primary importance.
Living and Management
Dogs with Chagas disease and the heart disease that results have a guarded to poor prognosis. Dogs are not thought to directly pass Chagas disease to people, so euthanasia solely for this reason is not necessary.
The study of serum and the way it reacts to certain antigens
The prediction of a disease’s outcome in advance
A medical condition in which the patient has an abnormally fast heartbeat
An in-depth examination of the properties of urine; used to determine the presence or absence of illness
A carrier of a disease; helps to move a disease from one animal to the next.
The term for an animal’s young
Small structures that filter out the lymph and store lymphocytes
A record of the activity of the myocardium
Term used to refer to a condition of having a disease or affliction but not displaying symptoms of it.
The presence of a disease within a given area
Inducing death on an animal or putting them to sleep
Term used to imply that a situation or condition is more severe than usual; also used to refer to a disease having run a short course or come on suddenly.
A special type of tissue that exudes mucus