Hi stranger! Signing up for MypetMD is easy, free and puts the most relevant content at your fingertips.

Get Instant Access To

  • 24/7 alerts for pet-related recalls

  • Your own library of articles, blogs, and favorite pet names

  • Tools designed to keep your pets happy and healthy



or Connect with Facebook

By joining petMD, you agree to the Privacy Policy.

PetMD Seal

Herpesvirus in Dog Pups

ADVERTISEMENT

Canine Herpesvirus Infection (CHV) in Dogs

 

This infection is a systemic, usually fatal disease in young pups caused by the canine herpesvirus (CHV). Found worldwide, CHV especially causes high mortality rates in pups (two to three weeks old) due to their immature immune systems and poor temperature regulation. In fact, it rarely affects dogs older than three to four weeks.

 

Although any breed can be affected, purebred dogs are more prone, as are young pregnant females and their pups. Herpesvirus infections are also a leading cause of fetal death and spontaneous abortion.

 

Symptoms and Types

 

The following signs should be taken seriously, as the onset of symptoms is sudden and death can occur just 12 to 36 hours afterward:

 

  • Nasal discharge
  • Difficulty breathing (dyspnea)
  • Severe gasping (in terminal animals)
  • Loss of appetite (anorexia)
  • Soft, odorless stool that is grayish, yellow, or green in color
  • Persistent and distressing crying
  • Eye inflammation 

           

Causes

 

This infection is caused by the canine herpesvirus (CHV).

 

 

 

Diagnosis

 

You will need to give a thorough history of your dog’s health to your veterinarian, including the onset and nature of the symptoms. He or she will then perform a complete physical examination as well as a complete blood count, biochemistry profile, and urinalysis -- the results of which are typically within normal ranges. In some dogs, however, a decreased number of platelet cells (which are responsible blood clotting) may be observed. Otherwise, your veterinarian will attempt to isolate the causative virus by conducting cell cultures or frozen tissue examinations.

 

Treatment

 

Typically, treatment is not recommended in pups with this form of herpesvirus infection, as antiviral therapy is ineffective. Instead, preventative measures are often the only recourse. A serum removed from bitches that have recovered from CHV infection, which contain protective antibodies, will be injected into pups before the illness' onset.

 

Living and Management

 

Pups that survive from CHV infection may suffer from blindness, deafness, kidney damage, and nervous systems, while the bitches often give birth to future healthy litters. And although there is a CHV vaccine available in Europe for pregnant bitches that are at high risk, the effectiveness of the vaccine has not yet been proven.

 

 

Related Articles

'Mad Itch' Pseudorabies Virus Infection in ...
The pseudorabies virus infection (or Aujeszky's disease) is an uncommon but highly...
READ MORE
Feline Calicivirus Infection in Cats
Feline calicivirus infection is a common respiratory disease in cats. The virus attacks...
READ MORE
Lyme Disease in Cats
Lyme disease is known to be one of the most common tick-transmitted diseases in the...
READ MORE
  • Lifetime Credits:
  • Today's Credits:
Hurry Before All Seats are Taken!
Enroll
Be an A++ Pet Parent! Take fun & free courses to earn badges & certifications. Choose a course»

Latest In Dog Nutrition

Does My Senior Dog Need Special Dog Food?
Whether or not your senior dog needs special dog food depends, to a large extent,...
READ MORE
What Are Lean Proteins and How They Can Help ...
Protein is an important component in your pet's food, but not all proteins are the...
READ MORE
Pet Food Ingredients that Promote Longer Life
Pet foods, in order to promote a healthy long life, must be balanced and complete...
READ MORE
Around the Web
MORE FROM PETMD.COM