If the infection is in the very early stage and is uncomplicated, treatment may be given on an outpatient basis. However, treatment is usually given inpatient. Fluid therapy will be given for electrolyte imbalances that result from vomiting and diarrhea. Potassium and magnesium are often very low and need to be supplement immediately. Blood component therapy will be given for coagulopathy (disorders in the blood's ability to clot). With overt DIC, fresh blood products and low molecular weight heparin will need to be sued to stabilize your dog's condition.
Nutritional support will include giving frequent small meals as tolerated, optimizing nitrogen intake, and feeding the dog according to protein needs. The amount of protein will depend entirely on your dog's individual condition, as some dogs will have high protein in the body and some will have low. Inappropriate protein restriction may impair tissue repair and regeneration. Nitrogen will be restricted if your dog is showing obvious signs of hepatic encephalopathy (a neuropsychiatric abnormality that causes inflammation of the brain and is related to liver failure).
Partial intravenous nutrition will be given for a maximum of five days, or preferably, total intravenous nutrition if oral feeding is not tolerated by the dog. Your doctor will prescribe antibiotics and/or fluid reducers as necessary.
Living and Management
The veterinarian will schedule follow up visits to monitor fluid, electrolyte, acid-base, and coagulation status, and to adjust supportive measures. Sudden kidney failure will also need to be monitored for. A highly digestible diet will need to be fed to your dog during recovery, and a safe place set aside to rest and recover from the illness. Restrict your dog's activity during the recovery period, as well as access to other pets. be especially mindful about cleaning up after your dog, as the virus can continue to be shed long after the recovery period.
Prevention of this infection requires a a modified live virus vaccination for this disease at six to eight weeks of age. The initial vaccination is followed by two booster shots given at three to four weeks apart until the dog reaches 16 weeks of age, with an additional booster given at one year. This is a highly effective vaccine.
A small hemorrhage
A procedure of imaging internal body structures by exposing film
Anything having to do with the eye
Any disease of the lymph nodes
Small structures that filter out the lymph and store lymphocytes
The study of serum and the way it reacts to certain antigens
A condition of dead tissue
A medical condition in which the tonsils are inflamed
Any inflammation of a blood vessel or lymph.
A medical condition in which a virus is found in the blood of an animal
A medical condition in which the uvea becomes inflamed.
An in-depth examination of the properties of urine; used to determine the presence or absence of illness
upper respiratory tract
The section of the respiratory system that contains the mouth, nose, pharynx, larynx, trachea, and epiglottis.
Any virus that is still able to infect
The condition of being drowsy, listless, or weak
The process of removing tissue to examine it, usually for medical reasons.
A disease of the brain of any type
A protein in the body that is designed to fight disease; antibodies are brought on by the presence of certain antigens in the system.
In veterinary terms, used to refer to the front of the body.
A term used to refer to an ultrasonic wave that is transmitted into tissue without it being reflected back.
The covering of cells that is the lining of the organs and blood vessels
A disorder that has resulted from intraocular pressure
Cells in the liver
An enlargement of the liver to an abnormal size
A condition in which the liver becomes inflamed
Referring to the liver
A type of anti coagulating medication or property
The space in the abdomen that holds the major digestive organs in an animal. Normally referred to as the area between the diaphragm and the pelvis. Also referred to as the peritoneal cavity.