In humans the bite or scratched site is cleansed and thoroughly disinfected. In cases with swollen or painful lymph nodes, the lymph nodes can be aspirated to remove excess pus. Generally, this is a minor illness, similar to a common flu. Bed rest is suggested until the symptoms have subsided for preventing further aggravation of symptoms, and in severe cases antimicrobial therapy may be advised. Most cases resolve within a few weeks, and in some cases, minor symptoms, such as swollen glands and fatigue, may linger for a few months.
A well-established antibiotic protocol does not exist for the treatment of bartonellosis in dogs. Depending on the symptoms, a selection of antibiotics will be made by your veterinarian on an individual basis.
Living and Management
Immunocompromised patients (e.g. people with AIDS and people who are undergoing chemotherapy) are at a higher risk for developing more severe symptoms and should avoid being bitten by a dog. This includes rough play with dogs, and playing with puppies, which are prone to nipping.
The exact risk of transmission of this disease from dogs to humans is unknown; however, if you have been bitten by a dog, contact your physician for proper advice. The overall prognosis of this disease in dogs is highly variable and dependent on the clinical presentation of this disease. After the initial treatment, you should monitor your dog for any recurrence of clinical signs, calling your veterinarian if you see any untoward symptoms in your dog. Please note that as this disease has not yet been fully described and understood in dogs, full resolution of the disease after treatment may not be achieved.
The best prevention is to protect your dog as best as you can from exposure to fleas, ticks, sand flies, and lice.
A lesion of the skin less than half a centimeter in diameter
The prediction of a disease’s outcome in advance
An in-depth examination of the properties of urine; used to determine the presence or absence of illness
Small structures that filter out the lymph and store lymphocytes
A product made of fluid, cell waste, and cells
An increase in the number of white blood cells (abnormal)
A condition of the blood in which normal red blood cell counts or hemoglobin are lacking.
The singular form of the word bacteria; a tiny, microscopic organism only made up of one cell.
A change in the way that tissue is constructed; a sore
A type of protein that can be dissolved in water; found in milk, egg white, certain muscle, blood, and some urine.
Small, wingless insects that live as parasites on humans and some animals