Uveal melanomas in dogs are usually non-spreading tumors (benign), so you may opt to monitor the eye for changes every 3–6 months. Young Labrador retrievers are prone to aggressively growing uveal melanomas and will need surgery. Removal of the affected eye (enucleation) is the suggested treatment.
Indications for enucleation: the size of the mass increases rapidly, the eye cannot be salvaged, the mass spreads diffusely within the eye, visual function is significantly impaired, invasion of the tumor outside the eye, and secondary complications (e.g., glaucoma, signs of pain, bleeding).
Living and Management
Removing an eye is one-sided, and is done to spare the fellow eye. One-eyed animals often function very well, adjusting to the change in visual capacity quickly. If your dog develops glaucoma secondary to an uveal melanoma, your dog will very likely suffer a good deal of great pain. The resulting headaches may manifest as head shaking, head pressing, whining, placing the paws on the head, or lethargy and slow movements.
Your veterinarian will schedule follow-up appointments for X-ray and ultrasound imaging at six and twelve months following the initial surgery or treatment. At these appointments, your veterinarian will evaluate the enucleation site as well as check for tumor recurrence or metastasis.
The layer of the eye that is charged with receiving and processing images
Anything having to do with the eye or care of the eye
The outer layer of the eye that helps it to keep its round shape; the eye white.
A condition of having only one side
Anything pertaining to an organ
The term used to refer to the part of the eye containing the iris, the cilia, and the choroid.
An in-depth examination of the properties of urine; used to determine the presence or absence of illness
The term for the dark pigment in the cells of skin and hair
The condition of being drowsy, listless, or weak
A disorder that has resulted from intraocular pressure
The removal of a whole organ; usually the eye ball
Not being able to cause harm; the opposite of malignant.
Term used to refer to the liquid that gives nourishment to the structures inside the rear segment of an animal's eye.
A nonliving substance in a cell
Transmitting genes from parent to child
In veterinary terms, used to refer to the front of the body.
The colored layer around the pupil
Found inside the eye
Something that becomes worse or life threatening as it spreads