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Treatment will depend on the specific type of eye abnormality that is affecting your dog. Depending on your veterinarian's experience with eye diseases, you may need further treatment with a trained veterinary ophthalmologist. Surgery can repair some congenital birth defects, and medicines can be used to mitigate the effects of some types of defects. Congenital keratoconjunctivitis sicca (KCS), commonly known as dry eye, can often be medically treated with tear substitutes in combination with antibiotics. Other medicines called mydriatics may be used to increase vision when congenital cataracts are present in the center of your dog's eye lenses.
In cases of photoreceptor dysplasia, there is no medical treatment that will delay or prevent its progress, but dogs with this condition generally do not suffer from any other physical abnormality and can learn to manage their environment very well, as long as they are able to depend on their environment being stable and safe.
Congenital KCS requires frequent checkups with a veterinarian to monitor tear production and the status of the external eye structures. Abnormalities such as congenital cataracts, PHTVL, and PHPV require checkups twice yearly to monitor progression.
In addition, since most congenital ocular anomalies are hereditary, you should not breed a dog that has been diagnosed with any of these disorders.
The layer of the eye that is charged with receiving and processing images
Something that appears white or light grey on a radiograph
A professional skilled in the study of the eye
Something that is related to the whole body and not just one particular part or organ
A type of tool used to look inside the eye
A type of instrument that is used to measure intraocular pressure
A type of jelly-like substance that is found inside the vitreous chamber
The term used to refer to the part of the eye containing the iris, the cilia, and the choroid.
A membrane-like covering
Anything having to do with the eye
Any growth or organ on an animal that is not normal
A condition in which growth and development are not up to normal standards
To make something wider
A condition characterized by an abnormally large eye.
The wasting away of certain tissues; a medical condition that occurs when tissues fail to grow.
A condition in which a muscle or body part grows defectively
A disorder that has resulted from intraocular pressure
In veterinary terms, used to refer to the front of the body.
The colored layer around the pupil
Inside the uterus
A bundle of fibers that are used in the process of sending impulses through the body