Bacterial Infection of the Breast in Dogs
If the breast infection is not too severe, your dog's puppies may be allowed to continue nursing (this is the ideal option, as it is best for the health of both mother and puppies), unless the glands contain dead tissue, or because the mother is systemically ill and it is not safe for her or the puppies to nurse. In those cases, your dog will be admitted into a hospital until she is stable.
Your veterinarian will caution you to pay special attention to the antibiotics that are being used, any reaction your dog or her puppies might have to the medication, and the continued weight gain of the little ones. In case of dehydration or sepsis, intravenous fluid therapy will be ordered to correct electrolyte imbalances and hypoglycemia. Shock is also a possibility, which will be treated accordingly.
Often, veterinarians recommend that you apply warm compress and milk out the affected gland(s) several times daily to keep the milk ducts clear. Application of cabbage leaf wraps to the affected glands may speed resolution of the swelling and help bring comfort to your dog. Abscessed or gangrenous glands, on the other hand, will require surgical removal.
Living and Management
The prognosis of a dog with mastitis is good with treatment. Discuss with your veterinarian a proper diet for the dog if she is nursing. However, if the bitch does not progress well enough to care for her pups on her own, you will need to hand-raise them, which requires considerable commitment. Your veterinarian will make recommendations as to the best feeding methods for the puppies.
In addition to keeping the living area clean, shaving hair from around the mammary glands may prevent reinfection. Clipping the nails of the puppies to prevent scratching of the mother's skin and making certain that all mammary glands are used for nursing can also lower the risk of infection.
Anything that contains pus
The prediction of a disease’s outcome in advance
The period that immediately comes after the birthing process
A product made of fluid, cell waste, and cells
Something that is related to the whole body and not just one particular part or organ
An in-depth examination of the properties of urine; used to determine the presence or absence of illness
A nipple, as in on ruminants and equine animals
An infection of the udder; may be infectious or not
A medical condition; the contamination of a living thing by a harmful type of bacteria
The glands in female animals that are used to produce milk; also called the udder or breast
A passage in the body with walls
A medical condition in which the body has lost fluid or water in excessive amounts
A female dog that has not been spayed.
Necrosis of a body part that can be attributed to poor circulation
The removal and destruction of red blood cells
Something that becomes worse or life threatening as it spreads
Low amounts of glucose in the blood
Not being able to cause harm; the opposite of malignant.
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