Diabetes (Hepatopathy) in Dogs
Your veterinarian will recommend switching your dog to a high-quality high protein diet. Supplementing the affected dog's diet with egg yolks (three to six yolks per day) or anabolic protein supplements is usually recommended. Your dog will also be given medical prescriptions to improve liver function.
For treating the associated skin disorder, your dog will be treated with supplements of essential fatty acids (omega-3 fatty acids) at double the normal dose. Zinc and antioxidants might also need to be supplemented in your dog's diet under the supervision of your veterinarian.
It is possible in some cases for a condition of sepsis to result from the skin lesions. Your veterinarian will prescribe topical medications to be applied to your dog's skin to prevent or alleviate microbial and fungal infections, to help the skin heal and to provide pain relief for your dog as the skin recovers.
Medications may also be prescribed to treat the diabetes mellitus, but this condition is treated mainly by managing it with diet, to prevent complications or worsening of the diabetes. Be sure to regularly monitor your dog's eating and behavior so as to keep tabs on its diabetes mellitus symptoms. If you suspect this disease is not controlled, call your veterinarian as soon as possible and discuss the signs you are seeing.
Living and Management
You will need to return to your veterinarian every month to assess your dog's need for amino acid supplements and treatment for secondary infections. Every three months a chemical blood profile, complete blood count, urinalysis and electrolyte panel should be performed by your veterinarian. Your dog's diabetes mellitus will be assessed and treatment will be adjusted as necessary during these visits.
With consistent treatment, some dogs will enjoy a long remission from the symptoms of skin disease. Some dogs, however, will be unresponsive to the therapy and will continue to suffer from progressive symptoms. For these dogs, euthanasia may be the only answer.
A gland that aids in both digestive and insulin functions
Any type of pain or tenderness or lack of soundness in the feet or legs of animals
The disappearance of the signs and symptoms of a particular disease; this is often used in association with cancer
A medical condition; the contamination of a living thing by a harmful type of bacteria
An in-depth examination of the properties of urine; used to determine the presence or absence of illness
A hormone created by the pancreas that helps to regulate the flow of glucose
Inducing death on an animal or putting them to sleep
Term used to refer to any substance or drug that stops seizures.
A condition of the blood in which normal red blood cell counts or hemoglobin are lacking.
The process of removing tissue to examine it, usually for medical reasons.
The escape of fluid or blood into tissues or body spaces or cavities
Organic substances that aid in the creation of proteins; also the end product of the decomposition of certain proteins.
A hormone that increases the amount of glucose in the blood; secreted by the pancreas
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