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Once EPI has been diagnosed, treatment most commonly consists of supplementing your dog's diet with a pancreatic enzyme replacement. These enzyme supplements come in a powdered form which may be mixed with food. Also, if your dog is undernourished, vitamin supplements may be necessary.
Additional treatment depends on the root cause of EPI. Most causes of EPI, such as pancreatic acinar atrophy (see above), are irreversible. This means that life-long therapy and enzyme supplements will be needed.
Avoid high-fat and high-fiber diets, which are more difficult for digestion. Weekly monitoring of your dog's progress is necessary after initial treatment. Diarrhea should disappear within one week, and the consistency of stools should normalize soon after. Your dog will also begin to regain lost weight.
The dosage of enzyme supplements can be decreased as your dog's health and weight normalizes. Your veterinarian will guide you through this as your dog progresses.
Breed animals with pancreatic acinar atrophy is not advised, as the condition can passed along to offspring.
The term for an animal’s young
A gland that aids in both digestive and insulin functions
A medical condition in which the pancreas becomes inflamed
A condition of poor health that results from poor feeding or no feeding at all
Relating to a disease of unknown origin, which may or may not have arisen spontaneously
A substance that causes chemical change to another
The digestive tract containing the stomach and intestine
The wasting away of certain tissues; a medical condition that occurs when tissues fail to grow.
A hormone created by the pancreas that helps to regulate the flow of glucose