If the condition of your dog is not life threatening or severe, outpatient care may include antibiotics, or medication to dissolve gallstones. For the more serious, critical complications, inpatient care will be required. During diagnostic and presurgical evaluations, restoring fluid and electrolyte balances as necessary, and monitoring electrolytes frequently, will be essential in the early phase of treatment for stabilizing the dog. Other treatments that may be indicated are intravenous fluids, plasma (if indicated), whole blood transfusion -- for dogs with bleeding tendencies, or for dogs that have lost blood, internally or externally.
If your veterinarian finds that surgery will be needed, a gallbladder resection may be recommended. Urine output will be monitored as part of evaluating the body's ability to restore and retain fluids. Remain vigilant for slowed heartbeat, drop in blood pressure, and cardiac arrest when biliary structures are manipulated. Atropine may be required to slow or prevent the organs from responding to nerve stimulation, and to slow down secretions.
Your veterinarian may also prescribe the following drugs: presurgery antibiotics, medication to dissolve gallstones, and Vitamin K1.
Physical examinations and pertinent diagnostic testing will be prescribed by your veterinarian -- repeating every two to four weeks until normal results are regular. Be prepared for possible complications, or recurrences, and be vigilant of your pet during the healing stage. A ruptured biliary tract (bile system) and/or peritonitis may protract the dog's recovery.
Something that becomes worse or life threatening as it spreads
A bundle of fibers that are used in the process of sending impulses through the body
An in-depth examination of the properties of urine; used to determine the presence or absence of illness
The condition of being drowsy, listless, or weak
A medical condition in which the peritoneum becomes inflamed
A condition in which the skin becomes yellow in color as do the mucous membranes; this is due to excess amounts of bilirubin.
The fluid created by the liver that helps food in the stomach to be digested.
The amount of pressure applied by the blood on the arteries.
A body temperature that is too low
Term used to imply that a situation or condition is more severe than usual; also used to refer to a disease having run a short course or come on suddenly.