Are you avoiding your dog's kisses because of his foul breath? If it is an ongoing problem, it could be the symptom of a serious health issue. Learn more about some of the causes of bad breath in dogs. READ MORE
Does your pet suffer from arthritis? Dogs and cats are expert at hiding their pain, but there are some clues to look for to find out if your pet is silently bearing the pain of arthritis. Learn more. READ MORE
Don't let allergies stop you from adopting a cat. If you have relatively mild allergies, there are some breeds that have a much lower chance of causing a reaction. Learn more about them here. READ MORE
We often think packaged pet snacks are the best and healthiest treats in the world, but a lot of those snacks and treats are the equivalent of candy for pets. Learn why and what you can do to make snack time healthier. READ MORE
Veterinary pet care will progressively involve greater technology and become more expensive. Here are important questions you will need to ask during discussions about diagnostics and treatment. Read here. READ MORE
Importing homeless animals to the United States can put the health and lives of our own pets at risk. Dr. Coates reports on a case that appeared in the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention’s December 2015 Morbidity and Mortality weekly report. READ MORE
Dogs are known for eating things when they are not supposed to. This is especially true of puppies. Also, dogs have an excellent sense of smell, making it fairly easy to find any secret hiding spots for the chocolate. This can be a dangerous combination when there is chocolate around the house.
Chocolate is derived from the roasted seeds of Theobroma cacao, which contains certain properties that can be toxic to animals: caffeine and theobromine. If ingested, these two ingredients can also lead to various medical complications and may even prove fatal for your dog.
If you would like to learn how chocolate poisoning can affect cats, please visit this page in the petMD Health Library. Also, go to our Chocolate Toxicity Meter for more information on the dangers of chocolate poisoning and its effects.
Advanced signs (cardiac failure, weakness, and coma)
The amount and type of chocolate ingested is also important, as they are the determining factors for the severity of the toxicity. The three types of chocolate that you must be aware of are:
Milk Chocolate – Mild signs of toxicity can occur when 0.7 ounces per pound of body weight is ingested; severe toxicity occurs when two ounces per pound of body weight is ingested (or as little as one pound of milk chocolate for a 20-pound dog).
Semi-Sweet Chocolate – Mild signs of toxicity can occur when 0.3 ounce per pound of body weight is ingested; severe toxicity occurs when one ounce per pound of body weight is ingested (or as little as six ounces of semi-sweet chocolate for a 20-pound dog).
Baking Chocolate – This type of chocolate has the highest concentration of caffeine and theobromine. Therefore, as little as two small one-ounce squares of baking chocolate can be toxic to a 20-pound dog (or 0.1 ounce per pound of body weight).
In the right quantities chocolate can become toxic for any dog. So be wary of feeding your pet anything that might contain chocolate and always keep it out of reach.
Your veterinarian will perform a complete physical exam, including a chemical blood profile, electrolyte panel and a urinalysis. These tests will help determine if there is a chocolate/caffeine overdose.
Blood can also be taken to test for theobromine concentrations, while an ECG is performed to help determine if the heart is showing any abnormalities in rhythm or conduction of heart beats.