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Inflammatory Bowel Disease (IBD) in Dogs




In most dogs, IBD cannot be “cured” but can be successfully controlled. However, even after complete recovery, relapses are common. Major goals of treatment are the stabilization of body weight, the amelioration of gastrointestinal symptoms, and the reduction of the immune system's response. Therefore, immunosuppresive drugs and antibiotics are key components of the therapy. Additionally, cobalamin is given in some dogs to counteract deficiency.


In cases of dehydration, fluid replacement therapy is started to overcome the fluid deficit. Dogs with continuous vomiting are usually not given anything orally and may require fluid therapy until vomiting resolves. Dietary management is another essential component of therapy, with hypoallergenic diets being the most recommended. Usually two weeks or so are given to see the response of your dog to such a diet.


Living and Management


The short-term prognosis in most dogs is excellent, but in cases of severe disease, prognosis is often very poor. Again, it is important to note that IBD cannot be “cured,” but can be managed in most dogs. Be patient with the forms of treatment suggested by your veterinarian and strictly adhere to diet recommendations made him or her. In stabilized patients, a yearly examination is often required.



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