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Treatment is largely dependent on the underlying cause of the case of ascites. If symptoms are severe and the animal is having great discomfort, the abdomen may be tapped to remove fluid and make the animal more comfortable. Corrective surgery may be necessary in some cases; for example, if a tumor is present or to control abdominal bleeding.
Medications are determined according to the underlying cause. For instance, fluid buildup due to bacterial infection (known as septic ascites) requires antibiotic therapy. It is important to note that aggressive medication treatment with diuretics, which are used to remove excess body fluid, may cause low levels of potassium in the blood, a condition known as hypokalemia. This can worsen symptoms and lead to further complications.
Continue to monitor symptoms and administer medications regularly, if prescribed. Also, restrict dietary salt, as it helps control fluid accumulation related to some causes of ascites, such as liver damage, heart failure, and low levels of protein in the blood.
Due to the fact that there are many different causes of ascites, there is no one all-encompassing prevention method that can be recommended. To avoid abdominal fluid buildup due to trauma, keep dogs in confined locations, or on a leash, to prevent access to roads and other dangerous areas where traumatic incidents may occur.
Lower levels of potassium in the blood than normal
A process in which fluid accumulates in the space between the layers of pleura
The sac that holds the testes; may also be referred to as the scrotal sac
The escape of fluid or blood into tissues or body spaces or cavities
The collection of fluid in the tissue
The collection of fluid in the peritoneal cavity.
Having a hard time breathing; breathing takes great pains
Refers to a condition in which fluid collects around the vital organs located inside the abdomen. This is normally the side effect of a more serious condition, like liver disease or heart disease. Certain bacterial infections can also cause the build-up of such fluid, as can certain types of cancer. An animal experiencing abdominal effusion will likely have an extremely bloated midsection.