Hi stranger! Signing up for MypetMD is easy, free and puts the most relevant content at your fingertips.

Get Instant Access To

  • 24/7 alerts for pet-related recalls

  • Your own library of articles, blogs, and favorite pet names

  • Tools designed to keep your pets happy and healthy



or Connect with Facebook

By joining petMD, you agree to the Privacy Policy.

PetMD Seal

Heart Inflammation (Myocarditis) in Dogs

ADVERTISEMENT

Myocarditis in Dogs

 

Myocarditis is the inflammation of the heart's muscular wall (or myocardium), often caused by infectious agents. That is, bacterial, viral, rikettsial, fungal, and protozoal agents directly affecting the heart or reaching the heart from other body parts can lead to myocarditis.

 

Clinical symptoms depend on the type of infection and extent of lesions, but in severe cases, heart failure may result.

 

Symptoms and Types

 

The inflammation itself may be focal or diffused throughout the myocardium. Other symptoms associated with myocarditis include:

 

  • Arrhythmias (abnormal heart rhythm)
  • Cough
  • Exercise intolerance
  • Difficult breathing
  • Weakness
  • Collapse
  • Fever
  • Other symptoms related to infections may also be present

 

Causes

 

Although viral, bacterial, rikettsial, funal, and protozoal infections are the most common cause of myocaditis, drug toxicity to the heart can also be a factor.

 

Diagnosis

 

You will need to give a thorough history of your dog’s health, including the onset and nature of the symptoms. The veterinarian will then conduct a complete physical examination, paying close attention to the dog's cardiovascular system. Various laboratory tests -- such as complete blood count (CBC), blood culture biochemistry profile, and urinalysis -- will be used to isolate and identify the causative organism. The abnormalities revealed by these tests, however, will depend on the affected organ.

 

Your veterinarian will also perform an echocardiogram (EKG) on the dog to evaluate the extent of myocardial damage and abnormal accumulation of fluid around the heart. In addition to evaluating the abnormalities related to heart dysfunction, EKG findings help in differentiating the location of the lesions within heart. Thoracic X-rays, meanwhile, help evaluate the heart size, whether fluids are located in the lungs, and other such abnormalities.

 

Other more specific testing include pathological exams of fluid samples taken from around the heart.

 

 

Treatment

 

Dogs with severe myocarditis, congestive heart failure (CHF), or severe heart rhythm problems may need to be hospitalized for intensive care and treatment. If specific causative organism is identified, infection will be treated with suitable medicine, such as antibiotics to fight off bacterial infections. There are also medications to correct heart rhythym issues, should the dog be suffering from them. In some patients, a pacemaker may need to be implanted.

 

Living and Management

 

The overall prognosis for myocarditis depends on the extent and severity of disease. Dogs with CHF as a result of myocarditis, for example, have very poor prognosis, while those with milder forms of the disease respond well to treatment.

 

You will need to visit your veterinarian regularly for follow-up evaluation and frequent laboratory testing will be conducted to monitor progress and response to treatment. Limiting your dog's activity is important for recovery, as well as setting aside a quiet place for it to rest, away from household activity, children, and other pets.

 

Certain diet restrictions may be recommended, especially those concerning your dog's salt intake.

 

 

Related Articles

Blood Transfusion Reactions in Dogs
There are a variety of reactions that can occur with the transfusion of any blood...
READ MORE
Irregular Heart Beat in Dogs
In order to pump blood to the lungs and body, the heart must work in a coordinated...
READ MORE
Artery Inflammation in Dogs
Juvenile polyarteritis, also referred to medically as beagle pain syndrome, is a...
READ MORE
  • Lifetime Credits:
  • Today's Credits:
Hurry Before All Seats are Taken!
Enroll
Be an A++ Pet Parent! Take fun & free courses to earn badges & certifications. Choose a course»
Search dog Articles

 

Latest In Dog Nutrition

How Obesity May Shorten Your Pet's Lifespan
Obesity is a nationwide epidemic for our pets. Unfortunately, being obese can shorten...
READ MORE
The Role of Exercise in Pet Weight Loss
Exercise is beneficial for our pets in many ways, including weight loss, and here's...
READ MORE
5 Tips to Keep Your Senior Dog Healthy
Senior dogs have different health requirements than younger dogs. Here are some tips...
READ MORE
Around the Web
MORE FROM PETMD.COM