If the degree of cardiac dysfunction has progressed to a condition of shock, intensive hospitalized treatment becomes necessary. Drainage of the pericardium is essential for patients displaying compression of the lining of the heart, and fluid therapy will be kept to a minimum until cardiac function is improved. This may be done with the use of positive inotropes, fluid or drug agents that alter the force or energy of muscular contractions; with vasodilators, which relax smooth muscles and widen blood vessels to improve flow; or by decompression of a pericardial (heart sac) leakage, as congestive heart failure may be exacerbated.
Cardiovascular monitoring will be conducted by electrocardiogram (ECG), which measures the electrical currents of the heart muscle, and measurement of central venous pressure and blood pressure is useful for determining the effectiveness of the given treatment. Oxygen supplementation is important, as with decreased blood flow, there is a concurrent decrease in oxygen reaching the tissues. Oxygen can be administered by oxygen cage, mask, or nasal tube. In addition, your veterinarian will choose any appropriate drugs to treat your dog's specific condition.
After the initial treatment, your veterinarian will want revisit your dog to monitor heart rate, pulse intensity, mucous membrane color, respiratory rate, lung sounds, urine output, mentation (mental activity), and rectal temperature.
Pertaining to the lungs
The sac of membranes that hold the heart
The number of respirations per minute; one respiration equals an inhalation and exhalation
The term used to refer to contraction of the ventricles of the heart
a) A cavity in certain animals b) Term refers to a rear chamber in the heart or a cavity in the brain
The term for the membrane around the heart
Something that is related to the whole body and not just one particular part or organ
A blood deficiency
The dilation of the ventricles of the heart
The amount of pressure applied by the blood on the arteries.
The widening of something
The collection of fluid in the tissue
A condition of the body in which pH levels are abnormally low.
A record of the activity of the myocardium
A special type of tissue that exudes mucus