Hi stranger! Signing up for MypetMD is easy, free and puts the most relevant content at your fingertips.

Get Instant Access To

  • 24/7 alerts for pet-related recalls

  • Your own library of articles, blogs, and favorite pet names

  • Tools designed to keep your pets happy and healthy



or Connect with Facebook

By joining petMD, you agree to the Privacy Policy.

Pet Family

PetMD Seal

Anemia Due to Deformed Red Blood Cells in Dogs

Anemia, Metabolic (Anemias With Spiculated Red Cells) in Dogs

 

Metabolic anemia in dogs occurs as the result of any underlying disease related to the kidney, liver, or spleen by which the shape of red blood cells (RBCs) is changed. Normally, red blood cells (RBCs) in dogs are of biconcave discoid shape, but in metabolic anemia, this shape is lost and they become abnormally elongated and blunt, with finger-like projections called spicules coming out of the surface of the RBCs. These abnormalities render RBCs non-functional, and left untreated, can lead to anemia in affected dogs.

 

Symptoms and Types

 

There are no specific symptoms related to metabolic anemia in dogs. However, the symptoms related to disease of kidney, liver, or spleen responsible for metabolic anemia may be present.

 

Causes

 

  • Any disease of kidney, liver, or spleen
  • Hemangiosarcoma (malignant cancer) of the liver is frequently seen as a common cause

 

Diagnosis

 

You will need to give a thorough history of your dog's health and onset of symptoms Your veterinarian will perform a thorough physical examination on your dog, including laboratory tests. A complete blood profile, biochemistry profile, complete blood count and urinalysis will be performed. The results of all these tests will provide valuable information for the diagnosis of this disease. These tests will also provide important clues for diagnosing the underlying disease of the kidney, liver, or spleen, which may be responsible for the metabolic anemia. X-ray imaging and ultrasound will expand your veterinarian's ability to evaluate the liver, kidney, and spleen structures.

 

  

 

Treatment

 

There is no specific treatment for metabolic anemia. Once the underlying disease has been diagnosed, your veterinarian will begin the appropriate treatment. Treating the underlying disease usually resolves the abnormality.

 

Living and Management

 

You will need to revisit your veterinarian for progress checks. At each visit certain laboratory tests may need to be repeated in order to follow the current status of the disease and your dog's level of improvement. Follow your veterinarian's guidelines regarding your dog's medication, nutrition, and management during the recovery period.

 

 

Related Articles

Anemia Due to Bone Marrow Failure (or ...
Aplastic anemia is a diseased condition resulting from the bone marrow's inability...
READ MORE
Parasitic Blood Infection (Haemobartonellosis...
The mycoplasma is a class of bacterial parasites belonging to the order of Mollicutes....
READ MORE
Lactic Acid Build-Up in Dogs
In a normal functioning body, the liver and kidneys maintain the balance between...
READ MORE
  • Lifetime Credits:
  • Today's Credits:
Hurry Before All Seats are Taken!
Enroll
Be an A++ Pet Parent! Take fun & free courses to earn badges & certifications. Choose a course»
Search dog Articles

 

Latest In Dog Nutrition

How Your Overweight Pet Could Benefit from ...
Pet obesity has reached epidemic proportions. Fortunately, there are some things...
READ MORE
How Obesity May Shorten Your Pet's Lifespan
Obesity is a nationwide epidemic for our pets. Unfortunately, being obese can shorten...
READ MORE
Five Life-Lengthening Health Tips for Your ...
Anyone who has ever had a dog or cat wishes just one thing — that he or she has a...
READ MORE
Around the Web
MORE FROM PETMD.COM