Treatment typically involves castration or removal of the testicles. This may result in a complete reversal of symptoms, or will put a halt to any further feminization if the tumor was responsible for secreting female hormones.
The outcome and prognosis for most dogs is very good if the tumor is detected and treated before it has had a chance to metastasize or spread into surrounding organs. Most of the time there are few complications associated with treatment.
Some dogs may develop male feminization syndrome, meaning they will have enlarged breasts and assume other female characteristics or traits. This side effect occurs in up to 29 percent of dogs affected with sertoli cell tumors.
Dogs with testicular tumors that penetrate the abdominal cavity have up to a 70 percent chance of developing female traits. There is a small risk of developing liver failure from over production of estrogen over time when symptoms have been prolonged, and when there is lack of treatment.
A cell that aids in clotting
A hormone that is created at the time of pregnancy
The sex organ of male animals; used in the production of sperm
The occurrence or invasion of pathogens away from the point where they originally occurred
The prediction of a disease’s outcome in advance
Small structures that filter out the lymph and store lymphocytes
A condition of the blood in which normal red blood cell counts or hemoglobin are lacking.
The type of female hormone produced in the ovaries that contributes to sex drive and female characteristics
The area inside a given tissue or organ
The space in the abdomen that holds the major digestive organs in an animal. Normally referred to as the area between the diaphragm and the pelvis. Also referred to as the peritoneal cavity.
Something that becomes worse or life threatening as it spreads