Your veterinarian may perform a surgical resection of the affected nerves. In some cases amputation of the affected limb will need to be performed in order to minimize the chances of a local recurrence of the tumor. More advanced surgical procedures will be required if it is necessary to perform the resection of nerve roots in the more delicate area of the spinal cord. Medications to reduce inflammation and edema (swelling) at the affected site will be prescribed, both to make treatment easier to perform and to make your dog more comfortable. Radiation following surgery can also be considered to decrease the chance of local recurrence. Whether to use radiation therapy or not will be decided by you and your veterinary oncologist.
Living and Management
After surgery, you should expect your dog to feel sore. Your veterinarian will give you pain medication for your dog to help minimize its discomfort. Keep in mind that pain medications must be used with caution, since one of the most preventable accidents that occur with pets is overdose of medication. Follow all directions carefully.
You will need to limit your dog's activity while it heals, setting aside a quiet place for it to rest, away from household activity, children, and other pets. You might consider cage rest for your dog, to limit its physical activity. Your veterinarian will tell you when it is safe for your dog to move about freely again, but during the recovery stage, only take your dog for very slow, short outdoor walks, or set up a spot near its resting area for it to urinate and defecate. Most dogs recover well from amputation, and quickly learn to compensate for the lost limb.
It is important to monitor your dog's food and water intake while it is recovering.
Nerve tumors are usually locally invasive and do not metastasize. However, local recurrence is common after surgical resection and will need to be treated again.
A bundle of fibers that are used in the process of sending impulses through the body
peripheral nervous system
That part of the nervous system that includes the cranial nerves and spinal nerves
An in-depth examination of the properties of urine; used to determine the presence or absence of illness
A type of covering over certain nerve cells; may be found in areas of the spinal cord or on the brain’s white matter
A treatment of certain neoplasms that is administered using an x ray
The process of removing tissue to examine it, usually for medical reasons.
The collection of fluid in the tissue
Any type of pain or tenderness or lack of soundness in the feet or legs of animals
The process of removing all or part of a body part; usually refers to a limb (arm or leg) and is done for medical reasons.