Treatment will be given on an outpatient basis, unless surgical intervention requires postoperative critical care during recuperation, or bleeding tumors require transfusion of blood components or whole blood transfusions. Your veterinarian may consult a veterinary oncologist for assistance.
Surgical removal of the tumor is recommended when possible, and is often most successful when the tumor is massive and singularly located. Up to 75 percent of the liver can be surgically removed without pronounced loss of function. However, nodular and scattered (diffuse) forms are often not good candidates for surgery. Chemotherapy is not recommended, as it has not been found to be successful in the treatment of liver cancer.
Your veterinarian will schedule follow up exams for abdominal palpation and to evaluate for recurrence every 2–4 months. Abdominal ultrasonographies will be repeated every 2–4 months for the first year, and liver enzymes will be checked. Unfortunately, this is often a malignant cancer, and the prognosis is poor. Even without metastasis, survival after surgery is generally less than three months. However, the final prognosis will depend on the degree of tumor invasion, how much of the tumor could be successfully removed, and whether it has spread into the body. The rate of metastasis in affected dogs can be as high as 60 percent, most commonly to the lungs, lymph nodes, kidneys, intestines, brain, and spleen.
The process in which a needle is inserted into tissue to remove tissue
Having to do with dead tissue
Examination through feeling
A procedure of imaging internal body structures by exposing film
An in-depth examination of the properties of urine; used to determine the presence or absence of illness
The growth of pathogens away from the original site of the disease
The prediction of a disease’s outcome in advance
Something that becomes worse or life threatening as it spreads
A condition in which growth and development are not up to normal standards
The process of removing tissue to examine it, usually for medical reasons.
Extreme loss of blood
Referring to the liver
Small structures that filter out the lymph and store lymphocytes
Not being able to cause harm; the opposite of malignant.