This is highly aggressive and life-threatening tumor that will need prompt treatment in most cases. Because of the area being considered, surgery can be dangerous. Radiation therapy is the treatment of choice for nasal tumors. Radiotherapy may also help in prolonging the life spans in those dogs in which tumors are inoperable. Because fungal or bacterial infections are commonly associated with this type of tumor, the use of antibiotics, or anti-fungal medications may be used to make the treatment more effective. Chemotherapy is also recommended for some dogs, but its long term effectiveness has not yet been evaluated for CSA in veterinary patients.
Living and Management
You may be advised to revisit your veterinarian every three months for follow-up exams. Your veterinarian will evaluate your dog to see if any metastasis has occurred during this time. Routine X-rays will be taken of the affected part and other body areas to check for recurrence and spread of the tumor. The decision to go forward with surgery or chemical therapy will be based on the actual prognosis at any given point during treatment. In some cases, end of life pain management may be in order.
Always seek advice and instructions from a veterinary oncologist before giving chemotherapy medications, as these drugs are highly toxic to human health. Pregnant women in particular should take extra care while administering chemotherapeutic drugs to their pets. Chemotherapy medications have the possibility of toxic side effects, so your veterinarian will need to closely monitor your dog's stability, changing dosage amounts as necessary.
Good nutritional support is essential in these patients for ensuring maintenance of body weight and condition. It is important to monitor your dog's food and water intake while it is recovering. After surgery, your dog will very likely not have much of an appetite, and will not want to eat or drink in great quantities. It may be necessary to temporarily use a feeding tube placed directly into the stomach so that it is getting all of the nutrition it needs to completely recover. Your veterinarian will show you how to use the feeding tube correctly, and will assist you in setting up a feeding schedule.
After surgery, you should expect your dog to feel sore. Your veterinarian will give you pain medication for your dog to help minimize discomfort, and you will need to set up a place in the house where your dog can rest comfortably and quietly, away from other pets, active children, and busy entryways. Trips outdoors for bladder and bowel relief should be kept short and easy for your dog to handle during the recovery period. Use pain medications with caution and follow all directions carefully; one of the most preventable accidents with pets is overdose of medication.
The prediction of a disease’s outcome in advance
A cell that aids in clotting
A product made of fluid, cell waste, and cells
A condition of having only one side
An in-depth examination of the properties of urine; used to determine the presence or absence of illness
A type of instrument that is used to look inside the body
An animal with a wide head, short in stature.
The process of removing tissue to examine it, usually for medical reasons.
Anything that looks different from what is considered to be normal and healthy for that species
Having a hard time breathing; breathing takes great pains
Having two sides
Something that becomes worse or life threatening as it spreads