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After diagnosis your dog may be referred to a veterinary oncologist for treatment. There are three major procedures for treating carcinoma, including surgery, radiotherapy, and chemotherapy. The protocol, or combination of protocols, that is selected will based upon the nature, size, location, or presence of metastasis (the single most important prognostic factor). Your dog's age and other such factors are also significant in determining the course of treatment. No single treatment works for all patients. Surgery will usually be chosen for removing a well localized tumor in the lungs and resection of the affected lung lobe. Chemotherapy and radiotherapy are often used in combination to improve the prognosis and to increase the survival period. In addition to the chemotherapeutic agents, your veterinarian will also recommend biochemical and serial blood tests, along with chest x-rays, during the treatment period.
Dogs with metastasis are usually given less than one year to live, but treatment may increase the survival time. During this period you can improve your dog's quality of life by providing extra comfort and affection. As best as you can, be attentive to your dog's breathing patterns, and protect it from exposure to second hand smoke. For ongoing treatment, you may need to visit your veterinary oncologist on a regular basis. Follow your veterinarian's guidelines, especially in giving chemotherapeutic agents at home. Many chemotherapeutic agents can be hazardous to your health if not handled properly, consult with your veterinarian regarding the best handling practices.
The growth of pathogens away from the original site of the disease
The occurrence or invasion of pathogens away from the point where they originally occurred
The prediction of a disease’s outcome in advance
Something that becomes worse or life threatening as it spreads
Small structures that filter out the lymph and store lymphocytes
Relating to a disease of unknown origin, which may or may not have arisen spontaneously
The condition of being drowsy, listless, or weak
The result of a malignant growth of the tissue of the epithelial gland.