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How to Walk a Cat (and Live to Tell About It)



Ever seen a cat out walking on a leash? Most people who have seen one react with astonishment that a cat would be domesticated enough to willingly allow itself to be tethered to a leash and guided around by -- of all things! -- a human companion. But it can, and does happen. After all, why should dogs have all the fun? Everyone knows cats like the outdoors, too. Shouldn’t they get the opportunity to explore the great outdoors along with the rest of us? Shouldn’t they be allowed to maintain their youthful figures with some regular exercise? Learning how to walk a cat may seem impossible, but with proper supervision, patience, and consistency, you too can train your cat to walk on a leash.


Does Age Matter?


Once a cat has reached the age when she has been fully vaccinated, it is safe for her to go on walks outside. Remember that this is not so much to protect other animals from what she might be carrying, but to protect her from what they might be carrying. It is best to start as early as possible, before your cat has developed a fear of the outdoors or a fear of unusual noises. Older cats are often more reluctant to go outside on a leash -- or to be on a leash at all. It may take months to get her used to accepting a harness, and to being led, but with diligence and a wish to succeed, you can do it.


It will help a lot of your cat is already responsive to you. If you can call your cat and she consistently comes to you, you are already on a good track. If you do not have this type of relationship, you will need to start there. Using treats and lots of praise, call your cat to come to you. After some time, your cat will learn that coming when called will be rewarding.


Selecting the Proper Harness


Because cats are so agile, a simple collar around the neck is not enough to hold them while walking outside -- they can easily pull out of the neck collar, even a well fitted one (and you do not want to make the collar so tight that there is a potential of cutting off air flow). Instead, use a good-quality harness that has been designed especially for cats.


A cat harness is typically made with an adjustable neck collar, which is attached to an adjustable body wrap. The harness should fit snug to the body, but not be so tight that air flow will be constricted. You should be able to fit two fingers under the harness at the neck and under the chest.


Depending on the harness, the leash should attach at the body strap or between the shoulders instead of at the neck. The clips holding the harness should snap securely -- they should not be the break away type that is commonly found in cat collars.


Introducing the Harness


It may take some time before your cat gets used to wearing a harness, so start slowly. Set the new harness near your cat’s favorite area and allow her to see it, smell it, and even play with it at first. Offer her some treats and praise if he shows interest in the harness.


After a few days of this, hold your cat securely and give her a treat. As she’s eating the treat, drape the harness loosely over her and leave it for a few minutes. You may need to repeat this several times before actually adjusting it, just to get your cat used to the feel of the harness. Once she appears to be comfortable with having the harness on her body, put the harness on and tighten the straps so they fit snugly. Again, offer positive reinforcement and treats for allowing you to put the harness on her. Leave the harness on for a short period of time, a few minutes to start, with gradually more time.


Do not force the fitting. If your cat struggles too much, remove the harness and try again later. When she does accept the harness without struggle, give her lots of attention so that she associates wearing the harness with good times.



Add a Leash


Once your cat is accepting the harness, let her wear it around the house, doing her normal activities. Gradually increase the amount of time your cat is left in the harness. You can even feeding her while she’s wearing the harness. Next, attach the leash to the harness, allowing her to drag the leash around. This is to get her used to the weight of the leash, but remember to keep an eye on her while she is dragging the leash. You don’t want her to get it tangled up on anything.


You can then graduate to walking around inside while holding the leash. Don’t pull on the leash and don’t try to force her to follow you at first, follow her lead instead. Every now and then stop and call her to you, giving her a treat and praise when she comes.


Finally, when she seems comfortable on the leash indoors, it is time to go outdoors. Begin with a short walk outside, maybe just as far as outside the door where your cat can sniff around and start getting used to the sounds and scents. After doing this a few times, you might take a short stroll around the block. Before you go any farther than the immediate area, get to know your neighborhood to make sure that your neighbors do not allow their dogs to roam freely -- or so that you know which areas to avoid because of roaming dogs. Choose the quietest and safest areas for your cat to walk in, so that the experience is pleasurable for both of you.


How to Walk a Cat Safely


Although your cat’s usual collar does not need to be removed, it is not part of the harness system. However, you should leave the collar on, with its ID in place, just in case your cat gets loose while you are out.


For the first few walks, as your cat is getting used to being outside, you might want to take along a soft (or hard) carrier, just in case your cat has a panic attack, or in case you unexpectedly come up against a free roaming dog. A panicked or threatened cat is not going to want to be held in arms until it gets home.


This will work best if your cat has been spayed or neutered. An unneutered male cat may be more likely to try to escape the harness or get out of control while outside, and an unspayed female cat may be attacked by feral male cats.


Setting a regular time to walk each day will give your cat something to look forward to. Try to stay consistent.


Unlike dogs, cats cannot be tethered to a pole while you step into a shop, even for just a few minutes. Your cat might panic and get itself tangled in the leash, or it may be attacked by a dog and not be able to escape.


Image: Krikit / via Flickr



Comments  8

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  • My cats love walks
    02/05/2014 11:08pm

    I found that the vest type harness works best and that perseverence is the key. Start with only a minute or two and sooner or later they find something in the yard to interest them. The you can go out for longer periods, weather permitting. One of my cats goes to the shed where the chipmunks hide; another goes to the edge of the yard to "mark" territory. Another goes to chew on catmint and yet another just loves to roll on the patio and look up at the sky. I continued to take my cats out each day into November ( for a few minutes each until it became too dark by the time I got home from work. They like it so much they jockey for position in front of the door to try to be the one who gets to go first.

  • Storm 6mths
    02/26/2014 04:03am

    I have a six months old kitten that I hand raised since the age of six days so I could not leave him at home. I did some researched on the internet and found quite a few articles on hand raising kittens and walking them. So I started him off on a harness which he loves. The only time I can remove it with great difficulty is when he takes a bath. I started walking him at about 3 weeks in the house and around the yard. Later I took him to the shop and even walked him down the busy road and it always amazes me how people respond to him. One lady stopped me and told me that I was abusing my kitten and picked him rubbing him, I thought she was going to walk away with him but then I explained to her that he has been walking around for weeks with a lead & harness and there is no harm. She was really surprised and put him down. He started to run around and then when I started to walk he walked right along. He even had a beach walk at Camps Bay beach and turned a lot of heads. My friends tell me that he is not normal or that he is more human than cat. The funny part is that he actually calls my daughter by her name when he wants water as well which by the way he only drinks right from running tap.

  • 01/05/2016 01:32pm

    never let anyone pick up your cat or dog-- it can turn nasty in a heartbeat - either the pet bites the human or the human can easily and quickly abuse and injure the animals. You don't need to explain your actions either-- you are walking your pet and the h with what other people think or say

  • Greycie survived
    11/06/2014 04:36pm

    Greycie was a stray that I took in about a year ago. She was someone else's cat for sure as she jumped into my arms when I was sitting in my yard. Her previous owners must have let her out from time to time but w/ a lot of feral cats in my neighborhood, I was fearful to let her out as she came to me with an eye that required medical attention from a dust up with one of them. She longingly looked out the window and I was afraid she would run out, so I decided to leash train her. The vest was a little cumbersome for her & threw her balance of. The harness is much better for her. It took time but does she ever like to go out. Can't say she is thrilled w/ the harness but when she sees it now, she runs to the door and waits. It took a couple of wks but she is just great out there. Watch carefully, they are escape artists. Stay behind them or to the side. Happy walks.

  • Going on 12 years.....
    01/05/2016 11:11am

    I've been walking my cat Ty for over 12 years now (he's 13 years old). Other than days where I'm out of town, we haven't missed a day yet. We go out in the rain, the snow, and even when it's really cold. We always take our walk after the sun goes down--that's what he prefers--and we generally walk for about 20 minutes. I look forward to it as much as he does. This is a good article, but I also put together a detailed instruction manual here: http://catswithanaltitude.com/was-that-a-cat-on-a-leash.html
    My article takes a slightly different approach to harnessing, and offers a few more suggestions for introducing your cat to the routine, and what to do once you step outside. Hope it's helpful to others who wish to give this a try!

  • Careful with the harness,
    01/05/2016 01:31pm

    make sure the cat cannot back out of our pull out of it. Collars can choke, and harnesses are safer.

    While walking with the cat watch out for - Drunks - mean people -- dogs, on or off leash. Even if you are holding the cat in your arms, the dog(s) and even free-roaming territorial cats may try to attack both of you.

  • Retractable leashes
    01/05/2016 01:36pm

    can break and your pet can run into traffic and be killed or lost in a heartbeat. The retractor may stick and there you are with a cat 10 feet away from you and a dog or car or someone on a bicycle bearing down on your pet. Leashes are long enough and can easily be bunched up to rein in the pet.

  • writer credit
    01/06/2016 05:03pm

    I'd like to quote from this piece for publication and therefore need the writer's name. Thank you.

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