Let's face it, your cat will be curious about anything new placed in his environment. He will sniff the new thing, maybe lick it. If it sticks to his nose or tongue, or if it tastes good, chances are it will be swallowed. Cats will also scavenge food out of the trash, or anywhere else they may find it, and in the process they may also eat any foreign material that may be present. These swallowed items may cause no problem at all. Or, they may become lodged somewhere in the digestive tract and cause a blockage. Equally dangerous, some of these items may be poisonous.
The vast majority of poisonings in cats is from something they ate. These toxins come from many different sources and affect the cat in many different ways. If there is any question about whether something your cat ate is poisonous, call your veterinarian or an animal poison control center. A couple of general rules about what is poisonous:
Some poisons will have immediate effects upon swallowing; others may take several days to manifest symptoms. There is no one set of symptoms that will indicate a cat has been poisoned. Rather, poisoning is usually just one of many possible causes for symptoms a cat may have. Some symptoms that might be due to poisoning:
The best way to diagnose a poisoning is to observe your cat eating the poison. If there is a suspicion of poisoning, your veterinarian may order tests to try and confirm or rule out the poison. Other tests, usually blood and urine tests, will be done to assess your cat’s overall health, and to try and determine the cause of your cat’s symptoms.
If a specific antidote for a confirmed poisoning is available, that will be used. In most cases, however, treatment is aimed at alleviating symptoms and keeping the cat in stable condition until the toxins are processed out of his system. Any or all of the following treatments may be used by your veterinarian:
Once the symptoms start to resolve and your cat is out of danger, she will probably be sent home to continue recuperating. She may need to continue taking medications or be placed on a special diet until she is completely recovered. Depending on the toxin, your veterinarian will most likely recommend that you bring your cat in for follow-up examinations or tests. Inform him or her if any symptoms should return.
Preventing poisoning is all about preventing access to the toxic substance. Keep household chemicals and all other hazardous materials in the proper containers, carefully sealed and stored. Clean up spills immediately. Do not leave medications out in any place your cat get to or where they might be knocked to the floor.
The whole system involved in digestion from mouth to anus
Any substance used to combat the effects of certain poisons.