Removing the obstructing stones is the primary objective of treatment. Fortunately, advances in modern technology has enabled veterinarians to remove the stones without surgery. A new technique called extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy removes stones located in kidney, ureter, or bladder by producing shockwaves that break apart the stones, which can then be passed through the urine. Extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy technique does not work for all animals, so consult with your veterinarian if it is right for your cat.
For cats in which surgery is necessary, intravenous fluids are administered to maintain them hydrated. Antibiotics are also prescribed for cats with concurrent urinary tract infection.
Living and Management
As relapses are common, continuous monitoring of the cat's condition is necessary. Typically, followup evaluations are done every 3-6 months. Depending on the type of stone, your veterinarian will suggest dietary changes to prevent future episodes of stone formation. If your cat is not tolerating the dietary changes well, contact him or her for necessary changes.
The overall prognosis is highly variable depending on the type of the stones.
An in-depth examination of the properties of urine; used to determine the presence or absence of illness
urinary tract infection
Also referred to as a UTI; a medical condition of the urinary tract and system in which the cells are damaged by microorganisms.
The tubular shaft found between the kidneys and the bladder
The product of protein being metabolized; can be found in blood or urine.
The prediction of a disease’s outcome in advance
Denotes an animal that is still able to reproduce or is free of cuts and scrapes