If the uremia is due to toxic poisoning, the first step will be to eliminate the toxins from the body. This may be done through gastric lavage, where the stomach is cleansed, or by administering activated charcoal to neutralize the toxin. Specific antidotes may also be administered if the toxic agent can be identified.
Care is also aimed at re-establishing fluid balance, blood circulation, and in establishing the balance of chemicals in the blood. Strictly monitoring fluid intake, food consumption, and nutrition is very important while treatment is underway.
Some medications that may be prescribed are:
- Dopamine derivatives
- Mucosal protectants to counteract acidity
- Bicarbonates to re-establish chemical balance in the body
Based on your cat's response to these drugs, your veterinarian might also recommend dialysis or surgery.
Living and Management
Generally, this condition has a poor prognosis for recovery. Some potential complications include seizures, coma, high blood pressure, pneumonia, bleeding in the digestive tract, cardiac arrest, fluid overload, widespread infection in the blood, and multiple organ failure.
The cost involved of treating an animal with acute uremia may also very high. Sometimes, dialysis can be used until the cat is stable enough to tolerate surgery.
After the procedures are complete, it is important to monitor daily fluid levels, mineral levels, body weight, urine output, and general physical status. The entire process of recovery depends on various factors, such as the extent of organ or system damage, the origin of the disease, and the existence of other pathological conditions or diseased organs.
The prediction of a disease’s outcome in advance
Examination through feeling
The product of protein being metabolized; can be found in blood or urine.
The tubular shaft found between the kidneys and the bladder
An in-depth examination of the properties of urine; used to determine the presence or absence of illness
Anything pertaining to the blood vessel system in the body
Waste in the blood; may also be referred to as uremic poisoning.
Irritating tissue with a great deal of some type of fluid
The amount of pressure applied by the blood on the arteries.
Organic substances that aid in the creation of proteins; also the end product of the decomposition of certain proteins.
A procedure used to get waste out of the blood when the kidneys are unable to function
The whole system involved in digestion from mouth to anus
Anything having to do with the stomach
Term used to imply that a situation or condition is more severe than usual; also used to refer to a disease having run a short course or come on suddenly.