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While the urinary bladder and urethra normally serve to store and release urine, there are two disorders that affect the lower urinary tract by damaging the bladder wall or stimulating the nerve endings in the bladder or urethra. Dysuria is a condition that leads to painful urination, and pollakiuria refers to abnormally frequent urination. In other words, you'll have a cat that goes to the bathroom often; the cat may even have pain or show discomfort while urinating.
Dysuria and pollakiuria are generally caused by lesions, stones, cancer, or trauma to the urinary bladder and/or urethra. (Lesions and stones are good indicators of a lower urinary tract disease.)
Other factors include:
For the Urinary Bladder
For the Urethra
For the Prostrate Gland
A complete blood profile will be conducted, including a chemical blood profile and a urinalysis. You will need to give a thorough history of your pet's health, onset of symptoms, and possible incidents that might have precipitated this condition. After establishing a thorough medical and behavioral history of your cat, your veterinarian will be able to rule out a variety of causes, using differential diagnosis methods, so that a diagnosis can be made. Dysuria and/or pollakiuria may have come about as the result of repercussions from surgical procedures or drug usage, and behavioral symptoms, such as spraying, or marking territory will give your veterinarian a better idea of the underlying cause. These conditions and symptoms will be either confirmed or ruled out until your your veterinarian is able to settle on the most obvious cause of the illness.
The act of urinating on objects or areas as a method of marking territory
A tube found between the bladder and the outside of the body; used to assist in urination.
An in-depth examination of the properties of urine; used to determine the presence or absence of illness
A ring-shaped muscle that is used to close and open an opening
A medical condition involving frequent urination
Having a hard time urinating; pain while urinating
A bundle of fibers that are used in the process of sending impulses through the body
A localized infection, usually a lesion filled with pus. Can be large or small in size.