Your cat may need supplemental oxygen; in which case, it will be hospitalized. This is a life-threatening disease and may be terminal if not treated immediately and appropriately. For that reason, treatment will focus on support, and on controlling the symptoms to enhance the quality of life.
If the cat is obese, there may be further treatment complications because it can impede ventilation (breathing). Weight loss will lessen symptoms of respiratory impairment.
Your veterinarian may prescribe anti-inflammatory dosages of prednisone at first, tapering the dosage over the course of a month if there is no underlying infection. There are also some antifibrotic agents that may be helpful, as well as bronchodilators (drugs made to widen the air passages and relax the bronchial tissues) to assist your cat’s breathing.
Living and Management
You will need to eliminate the cat's exposure to dust or fumes. This is a progressive condition with a guarded prognosis; cats with pulmonary fibrosis generally only survive between a few weeks to a few months. Because of the possibility of quick deterioration, cats should be intensively monitored.
Pulmonary hypertension and right heart failure often develops with any severe, chronic lung disease. Your veterinarian may want to repeat lung biopsies in order to track the cat's progress and the effectiveness of its treatment. A positive response to treatment will result in an increase in mobility.
Image: Rommel Canlas via Shutterstock
The prediction of a disease’s outcome in advance
Pertaining to the lungs
The number of respirations per minute; one respiration equals an inhalation and exhalation
A medical condition in which the pancreas becomes inflamed
The formation of fibers in the walls of the alveoli
Relating to a disease of unknown origin, which may or may not have arisen spontaneously
The process of removing tissue to examine it, usually for medical reasons.
A procedure that is used to evaluate the health and structures of the heart
High blood pressure
An avian term; refers to pockets in the respiratory system of birds that hold air and allow them the ability to fly and the buoyancy necessary to do so.