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Cats with pneumothorax should be treated in the hospital until the accumulation of air in the pleural cavity has stopped or stabilized. As much air as possible should be removed from the pleural space, and oxygen therapy provided until your pet has stabilized. Air removal can be performed via thoracocentesis, in which an intravenous (IV) catheter attached to an extension is inserted into the pleural cavity.
In cases of traumatic open pneumothorax, the open wounds in the cat's chest should be cleaned and covered with an airtight bandage as soon as possible, and later surgically repaired. The administration of intravenous (IV) fluids is also often necessary in cases of trauma.
After initial treatment, the cat's activity should be severely restricted for at least one week to minimize the odds of recurrence. Vital signs, including respiratory rate and pulse, should be monitored for symptoms of recurrence.
Further care depends on the type of pneumothorax affecting your cat and the severity of its health. Your veterinarian will advise you on how to provide aftercare to your cat until the follow-up exam.
One key way to prevent traumatic pneumothorax is to keep cats confined and away from dangerous areas such as roads, where they are most likely to be injured.
The number of respirations per minute; one respiration equals an inhalation and exhalation
A medical condition in which the patient has an abnormally fast heartbeat
The puncturing of a hole in the wall of the chest as a means of drawing out fluid or air
Pertaining to the lungs
The term for a quick heartbeat
A medical condition in which gas or air collects in the pleural space
Having a hard time breathing; breathing takes great pains
The tube that extends from the mouth to the stomach
The area between the folds of the pleura; airtight
A localized infection, usually a lesion filled with pus. Can be large or small in size.