Drowning (Near Drowning) in Cats
Clear any airway obstructions and give mouth-to-muzzle resuscitation on the site of the accident. Professional medical treatment will need to follow immediately. Your cat will need to be treated on an emergency inpatient basis, with oxygen supplementation given at the hospital. If your cat has severe hypoxemia, hypercapnia, or imminent respiratory fatigue, a ventilator may be required for respiratory assistance.
Gravitational drainage or abdominal thrusts (i.e., the Heimlich maneuver) are not recommended in the absence of an airway obstruction owing to the high risk of regurgitation and subsequent aspiration of stomach contents. Fluid therapy and acid-base/electrolyte management are crucial for bringing the fluid balance back to normal levels. If your cat is hypothermic, your veterinarian will gradually rewarm the cat's body with blankets over a two- to three-hour period of time. Prolonged parenteral (intravenous) nutrition may be required if your cat is suffering from severe brain or lung injury.
Living and Management
Generally, cats will not have a good prognosis if they are comatose when brought to the veterinary clinic, have severely acidotic blood (pH less than 7.0), or if they require cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) or mechanical ventilation. Cats that are conscious upon arrival at the clinic will have a good prognosis, as long as no further complications ensue.
The prediction of a disease’s outcome in advance
The administration of something through a route other than the normal route, which is through the gastro intestinal tract
The return of food into the oral cavity after it has been swallowed
The term used for phlegm that is ejected from the mouth; it is secreted in the lower respiratory tract
An in-depth examination of the properties of urine; used to determine the presence or absence of illness
The term for the nostrils and muscles in the upper and lower lips of an animal; may also be used to describe a type of tool used to keep an animal from biting
An involuntary action in which the muscles contract; caused by a problem with the brain.
The voice box; this is one part of the respiratory system
The part of the brain that contains the medulla oblongata and other vital portions of the brain.
Anything pertaining to what can be heard; hearing.
Movement of material from an area highly concentrated to an area where there is a lower concentration
High levels of carbon dioxide in the blood
Term used to imply that a situation or condition is more severe than usual; also used to refer to a disease having run a short course or come on suddenly.
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