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In case of severe disease, your cat may need to be hospitalized for a few days. Emergency treatment will be given to overcome the crisis. Fluid therapy, oxygen therapy, and removal of viscid fluid from lungs will be conducted. Antibiotics are often used to eradicate the infectious organism, and physiotherapy can be used to enhance the clearance of secretions from lungs. Your veterinarian will recommend minimizing any exposure to irritants such as dust, smoke, aerosol compounds, and air fresheners, which can further complicate the disease. Anti-inflammatory medications may help to reduce your cat's symptoms, making breathing easier. In severe cases, surgical removal of the affected lung lobe may be required.
If disease is affecting a small area of the lungs, the affected lung lobe will be removed in order to effectively resolve the underlying disease. Prognosis is excellent for animals that are treated early, before significant inflammation or permanent scarring has taken place.
Even in patients with resolution of the underlying disease or removal of the affected lobe, secondary infections are common. This is due to the diffuse nature of this disease, which often leads to complications. Or, some patients may take longer to completely recover due to the chronic nature of problem, the age or previous health condition of the cat, or because another underlying disease was not cured.
You will need to visit your veterinarian at regular intervals so that your cat's progress can be followed, and so therapy and medication changes can be made appropriately, depending on your cat's status. Follow-up care is of paramount importance in improving the prognosis for your cat.
You may need to devote extra care and affection to your cat during the recovery period, also paying strict attention to the medication guidelines and scheduling in order to prevent further complications. Extra patience will be required, as you assist your cat in its daily needs, and keep it protected from undue stress. A calm and quite space, away from active children and pets, will help your cat to rest and heal.
Do not use anything in the home that will place unneeded stress on your cat's bronchial airways. Fireplaces, air fresheners, cleaning products and chemicals are just some of the things that can irritate your cat's respiratory tract. A place set aside where your cat can be taken when you are using any of these products is the best measure for protecting your cat from an attack on its bronchial tubes.
If you see a return of any of the symptoms described above, immediately call your veterinarian or take your cat to a veterinary hospital. It is not uncommon for a recurrence of emergency crisis to occur in these cases.
The prognosis is highly variable depending on the nature of the disease, the areas of the lungs being affected, the diffuse or focal nature of the disease, and the presence or absence of concurrent infections in the body. If treated properly, these patients can live well for number of years.
An in-depth examination of the properties of urine; used to determine the presence or absence of illness
The windpipe; it carries air from the bronchi to the mouth
The prediction of a disease’s outcome in advance