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Prostate Inflammation and Abscessation in Cats

Prostatitis and Prostatic Abscess in Cats

 

Prostatitis is an inflammation of the prostate that is commonly the result of a long-standing infection that has gone undetected. An abscess of the prostate, demonstrated by a pus filled sac, may lead to prostatitis. Prostatitis is divided into two phases: acute (early), and chronic (later, farther into the disease).

 

Acute prostatitis occurs with the sudden onset of a bacterial infection in the prostate. Occasionally, the abscess may rupture and its contents will spill into the abdominal cavity.

 

Chronic prostatitis occurs when a long-standing infection has gone undetected. Acute prostatitis may also lead to chronic prostatitis, with the initial symptoms being missed.

 

Symptoms and Types

 

Sudden (Acute) Prostatitis

 

Long-Term (Chronic) Prostatitis

  • May have no detectable signs
  • Straining to defecate
  • Difficulty urinating
  • Bloody discharge from the urethra

 

Causes

 

  • Bacteria moving up from the urinary passage to the prostate
  • Bacteria spreading to the prostate from other parts of the body
  • Bacteria spreading from a wound site to the prostate
  • Presence of functional testicles (hormonal)
  • Enlarged prostate
  • Medical history of administration of male hormone or female hormone
  • Faulty immune system

All breeds and mixed breed (male) cats are at risk for prostatitis; no genetic link for this disease is known.

 

Diagnosis

 

You will need to give your veterinarian a thorough history of your cat's health and medical history, details of the onset of symptoms, and possible incidents that might have led to this condition. The history you provide may give your veterinarian clues as to the leading cause of the condition. Your veterinarian will perform a complete physical exam on your cat, including standard laboratory tests like a blood chemical profile, a complete blood count, an electrolyte panel, and a urinalysis. This is the only way to determine whether the organs are functioning properly, and to find factors such as bacterial infections, microscopic evidence of blood in the urine, or increased white blood cell counts, indicative of the body fighting an infection.

 

There may be blood in the urine. In cats with prostatitis, they may bleed even when not urinating. Sometimes an affected cat will not urinate at all, or will show pain while urinating. Feces may also appear flat and/or the cat may be constipated.

 

 

During the physical exam, your veterinarian will insert a gloved finger into your cat's rectum to palpate the prostate gland. If your cat reacts painfully, and/or the prostate feels enlarged, biopsies will need to be taken for a histopathology, cytology and culture, and sensitivity testing.

 

Treatment

 

If the cause of the prostatitis is bacterial, your cat will need to be hospitalized and given antibiotics intravenously. If your cat is only suffering from a mild case of chronic prostatitis it may be treated on an outpatient basis.

 

Castration can relieve prostatitis if it is hormonal in origin, as animals that have not been neutered are more prone to this type of disease. Your veterinarian may also prescribe hormone-blocking medications to lessen the chance of a recurrence.

 

If your cat is suffering from a ruptured, abscessed prostate, it might require surgery, but only after the antibiotic therapy has stabilized its condition.

 

Living and Management

 

Unless your cat has a prostatic abscess which has ruptured into the abdominal cavity, its prognosis for recovery is still good to excellent. If your cat is able to remain whole (i.e., not neutered), you will need to prevent it from mating until it has recovered from the bacterial prostatitis and until no more bacteria are present in the prostatic fluid samples. These samples will be taken for laboratory analysis during the follow-up visits with your veterinarian.

 

IIf your veterinarian advises you to have your cat castrated in order to prevent a recurrence of prostatitis, its overall prognosis will greatly improve as a result. If your cat appears to have difficulty urinating again, is walking with a painful gait, or is exhibiting other symptoms it had during the bout with prostatitis, immediately contact your veterinarian, as prostatitis may be recurring.

 

 

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