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Most of the treatment is outpatient. Anticonvulsant medications may be necessary depending on the frequency and severity of the seizures.
It is essential to monitor therapeutic levels of drugs in the blood. Cats treated with phenobarbital, for instance, must have their blood and serum chemistry profile monitored periodically after initiating therapy. Drug dosages may need to be adjusted depending on drug serum levels and response to treatment.
Older cats that are on potassium bromide treatment will need to be carefully monitored for kidney insufficiency. If you have an older cat that will be undergoing treatment for epileptic seizures, your veterinarian may recommend a diet change for the cat.
Cats with idiopathic or genetic epilepsy should be spayed or neutered to prevent passing the trait on.
Do not give your epileptic cat any over-the-counter medications without checking with your veterinarian first. These medications can interfere with anticonvulsant medications or lower the seizure threshold, causing additional seizure activity.
Skipped doses of anticonvulsant medications can be dangerous for your cat. Cats on medication for epilepsy should be kept indoors to avoid missing doses.
When this form of epilepsy is due to genetic abnormalities, there is little you can do to prevent it. However, the abrupt discontinuation of medication(s) to control seizures in your cat may aggravate or initiate the return of seizures.
Excessive eating or swallowing
The period of time that occurs following a seizure
An in-depth examination of the properties of urine; used to determine the presence or absence of illness
A medical condition involving excessive thirst
An involuntary action in which the muscles contract; caused by a problem with the brain.
An increase in the number of bad white blood cells
A condition of frequent or recurring seizures that are not of a system origin
Relating to a disease of unknown origin, which may or may not have arisen spontaneously
Found inside the cranium
Term used to refer to any substance or drug that stops seizures.