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Treatment will depend on the underlying cause of the dysphagia. If your cat's problems with eating are being caused by an abnormality of the mouth (oral dysphagia), you will need to feed your cat by placing a ball of food at the back of its throat and helping it to swallow. Patients suffering from pharyngeal or cricopharyngeal dysphagia may be helped to eat by lifting the head and neck during swallowing. If your cat cannot maintain a good body weight, your veterinarian may opt to insert a stomach tube. If a mass or foreign body is present due to your cat swallowing it, surgery may be necessary to remove it.
It is essential to keep your cat at a good body weight while it undergoes treatment. If your cat does not have a stomach tube placed and you are feeding it by hand, be sure to give it several small meals a day while it is sitting upright. You will need to support your cat in an upright position like this for 10 to 15 minutes after every meal to prevent aspiration pneumonia, which occurs when food is inhaled into the lungs.
Symptoms of aspiration pneumonia include depression, fever, pus-like nasal discharge, coughing, and/or problems breathing. If your cat should ever show any of these signs, call your veterinarian immediately and/or take your cat to an emergency veterinary clinic for immediate treatment.
A bundle of fibers that are used in the process of sending impulses through the body
A medical condition in which muscles become inflamed
A cavity in the mouth where the respiratory systems and gastrointestinal systems come together
A product made of fluid, cell waste, and cells
An in-depth examination of the properties of urine; used to determine the presence or absence of illness
The term for weakness of the muscles
A medical condition in which the smooth muscles become inflamed
Any growth or organ on an animal that is not normal
A condition in which a muscle or body part grows defectively
Condition in which eating and/or swallowing is difficult
The tube that extends from the mouth to the stomach
The dislocation of a bone from the joint
Small structures that filter out the lymph and store lymphocytes
A localized infection, usually a lesion filled with pus. Can be large or small in size.