Once diagnosed, treatment for gingivostomatitis and caudal stomatitis begins with a thorough teeth cleaning above and below the gum tissue, followed by continued home care cleaning. Removing (extraction) damaged teeth is usually necessary, and the most common method of treatment.
When extracting teeth, a high-speed drill with a water spray is used to remove bone where the roots once were. The teeth behind (distal) the canines are removed first. In 60 percent of cases, extraction of these teeth results in complete recovery with no need for further medication. If the condition continues, however, all of the cat’s teeth must be extracted.
Other therapies and medications may be used, such as simple antibiotics, anti-inflammatory drugs, and oral hygiene care. However, these methods are shown to have less long-term success. Any response is typically temporary, and tooth extraction remains the most reliable method.
After a cat has been treated for gingivostomatitis and caudal stomatitis, symptoms should be monitored for success of the therapy as well as potential side effects. Initial X-rays after surgery can reveal the success of the treatment. Oral hygiene should be continued in the future to prevent further problems.
As the causes of gingivostomatitis and caudal stomatitis are unknown, no certain preventative measures can be taken. General oral hygiene may prove helpful. Note that purebred cats are more likely to develop this condition, and purebred cat owners should be alert for possible symptoms.
A medical condition in which the mouth becomes inflamed
Term used to refer to an animal that is one of the recognized, pure breeds
The furthest distance from the middle or the top of a body
The process of removing tissue to examine it, usually for medical reasons.