If your cat is severely ill, it will need to be hospitalized so that it can be fed and hydrated intravenously, as well as medicated with drugs that will clear the body of the liver fluke parasite. For very ill cats, vitamin D will be administered through the intravenous fluid to promote recovery. Additional medications may also be prescribed. Antibiotics may be required for preventing opportunistic infections, prednisone can be given for lessening the severity of inflammation, and anthelmintic (drugs that kill parasitic worms) substances, such as praziquantel, can be given to kill the trematode spores, either intravenously, or by mouth if your cat is being treated on an outpatient basis.
Living and Management
Your veterinarian will want to examine your cat from time to time to check clinical signs such as liver enzymes and fecal sedimentation. You should also watch for signs such as loss of appetite, body condition and weight. In most patients that have been given appropriate treatment in time, before severe damage may have occurred to the liver or gallbladder, an uncomplicated recovery is expected.
- Restrict outdoor access
- Medication to prevent infestation may be required for outdoor cats every three months in endemic, tropical climates
The presence of a disease within a given area
A type of parasitic flatworm, like the liver fluke found in sheep
A passage in the body with walls
The ability to create a disease where a disease might not normally be found, usually due to an ill timed or unlikely weakness
The process of making something larger by dilating or stretching it
Term used to refer to a condition of having a disease or affliction but not displaying symptoms of it.
The fluid created by the liver that helps food in the stomach to be digested.
The whole system involved in digestion from mouth to anus
Usually used in veterinary medicine to refer to certain drugs that are designed to combat intestinal worms in animals.