Lysosomal storage diseases are primarily genetic in cats and are caused by a lack of the enzymes that are needed to perform metabolic functions. It is a rare disease that most commonly is diagnosed in kittens. The disease causes an accumulation of various substances that would otherwise be eliminated by the enzymes, and which become stored in the cat’s tissues in abnormal amounts (usually occurring in the nervous system). As a result, cells swell and can no longer function normally. Unfortunately, lysosomal storage diseases are always fatal.
The following breeds are most likely to have the disease:
Affected animals are usually born normal but develop symptoms within the first few months of life. Symptoms vary depending on the severity of the enzyme deficiency but may include:
If your cat has these symptoms and is one of the previously listed breeds, your veterinarian will want to know your cat’s history so that an initial diagnosis can be made. The following tests are likely to be performed to confirm the diagnosis:
The mating of animals who are closely related, like father and daughter or brother and sister
Low amounts of glucose in the blood
A substance that causes chemical change to another