Hospitalization may be necessary for the initial management of SLE, especially if your cat is in a state of hemolytic (red blood cell destruction) crisis. However, outpatient management is often possible if the condition is not severe. The kind of care and the level of care will vary by which systems are being affected.
For at home treatment, you will need to enforce rest, especially during episodes of severe pain in the joints. You might consider cage rest for a short time, until your cat can safely move about again without overexertion. You may also need to avoid bright sunlight, which may require limiting your cat's access to bright windows until the late afternoon and evening hours. If the kidneys are being affected, your veterinarian will recommend a kidney specific protein-restricted diet.
There are a number of medications that can be used for treating SLE, such as immunosuppressive drugs for decreasing the immune system response, and corticosteroids for reducing inflammation in the lymph nodes. Your veterinarian will prescribe the medications required to treat the specific form the disease is taking in your cat.
As SLE is known to be hereditary in some breeds, it is highly recommended that cats that have been diagnosed with SLE not be bred.
Living and Management
This is a progressive and unpredictable disease. Long-term, immunosuppressive therapy will be required. The treatments frequently have side effects that you will need to deal with as your dog's caretaker. Also, your veterinarian will want to see your cat weekly, at least initially, to monitor the effectiveness of the treatment and to watch for severe side effects.
Any type of pain or tenderness or lack of soundness in the feet or legs of animals
Small structures that filter out the lymph and store lymphocytes
An in-depth examination of the properties of urine; used to determine the presence or absence of illness
A reaction to a certain pathogen that is out of the ordinary
A cell that aids in clotting
Any disease in which an animal's body creates antibodies that are used against itself.
A protein in the body that is designed to fight disease; antibodies are brought on by the presence of certain antigens in the system.
Any substance or item that the body of an animal would regard as strange or unwanted; a foreign disease or virus in the body (toxin, etc.)
The end of the gastrointestinal tract; the opening at the end of the tract.
Term used to imply that a situation or condition is more severe than usual; also used to refer to a disease having run a short course or come on suddenly.
The removal and destruction of red blood cells