Addison’s Disease in Cats
A sudden and severe (acute) episode of hypoadrenocorticism is a medical emergency requiring immediate hospitalization and intensive therapy. The treatment for this disease depends on the type and severity of symptoms. Patients with low bodily fluids are given intravenous fluids to replace the deficient fluid levels, but the cornerstone of therapy is to supplementally replace the deficient hormones. Cats that have been diagnosed with this condition need to be treated with hormone injections for the rest of their lives.
Living and Management
In case of an acute episode of hypoadrenocorticism, your cat will need immediate treatment due to life-threatening symptoms. After the initial recovery, your veterinarian will calculate the dose that will balance your cat's hormone deficiency. The dose of these hormones may need to be increased occasionally, especially during periods of stress like travel, hospitalization, and surgery. Do not alter the brand or dose of hormone that has been prescribed without first consulting your veterinarian.
After the initial hormone replacement, you will need to visit your veterinarian at weekly intervals for at least the first four weeks. Your veterinarian will measure your cat's hormones during therapy and will modify the doses accordingly. Hormone injections are usually required at monthly intervals, and in some patients they are required every three weeks. Electrolyte levels will also be checked regularly due to the significant alternations in electrolytes that are typically seen with this disease. Good owner compliance is required for the life of the patient in order to benefit from treatment. With regular treatment, most patients do well and have a good prognosis.
A medical condition involving excessive thirst
The gland that is found at the bottom of the brain whose job is to maintain appropriate levels of hormones in the blood
The product of protein being metabolized; can be found in blood or urine.
An in-depth examination of the properties of urine; used to determine the presence or absence of illness
A heightened number of lymphocytic leukocytes in the blood of an animal
The prediction of a disease’s outcome in advance
Low amounts of glucose in the blood
The condition of having urea and other nitrogenous elements in an animal's blood.
A condition of the blood in which normal red blood cell counts or hemoglobin are lacking.
The amount of pressure applied by the blood on the arteries.
A medical condition in which the body has lost fluid or water in excessive amounts
The digestive tract containing the stomach and intestine
Term used to imply that a situation or condition is more severe than usual; also used to refer to a disease having run a short course or come on suddenly.