Treatment is highly variable and will depend on the underlying cause. In case of heart involvement or advanced liver disease, your cat may need to be hospitalized for intensive treatment and supportive care. The aim of treatment is eliminate the inciting cause and prevent further complications. Broad spectrum antibiotics are given to the patients with infections. Dehydration is common in these patients and intravenous fluids are required for normalizing the fluid levels. Multivitamins are also given to maintain the healthy levels of vitamins. Some patients may also require surgical interventions to remove a tumor, abscess, or cyst.
Patients with heart failure or excessive fluid in the abdomen require changes in feed and fluid intake. These patients need special care and often complete cage rest is recommended. Special diet considerations, like addition of high levels of proteins, restriction of salt, and adequate vitamin supplementation will be put in place for your cat.
The prognosis is variable and depends on the underlying cause and duration of the disease. Some causes are less serious, while others are life-threatening in nature. As the liver is the central organ in the metabolism of drugs, you must not give any drug or change the dosage amount of any prescribed drugs without prior consultation with your veterinarian. In order to prevent negative energy balance, you will need to feed small and frequent meals to your cat. Your cat will need to be evaluated frequently during therapy. Your veterinarian will conduct laboratory testing and radiography as necessary to monitor your cat's progress.
The growth of pathogens away from the original site of the disease
The group of processes that involve the use of nutrients by the body
Something that becomes worse or life threatening as it spreads
A gland that aids in both digestive and insulin functions
The prediction of a disease’s outcome in advance
An in-depth examination of the properties of urine; used to determine the presence or absence of illness
A procedure of imaging internal body structures by exposing film
The condition of having a part of a body part protruding through the tissue that would normally cover it
The protein that moves oxygen in the blood
Out of proportion or unbalanced; may also be referred to as unsymmetrical.
A condition of the blood in which normal red blood cell counts or hemoglobin are lacking.
A localized infection, usually a lesion filled with pus. Can be large or small in size.
Not being able to cause harm; the opposite of malignant.
The muscle in the abdomen that aids in breathing
The space in the abdomen that holds the major digestive organs in an animal. Normally referred to as the area between the diaphragm and the pelvis. Also referred to as the peritoneal cavity.
A procedure that is used to evaluate the health and structures of the heart
An enlargement of the liver to an abnormal size