Most patients showing signs of hepatic encephalopathy should be hospitalized. Medications may be prescribed by your veterinarian to help improve dietary protein tolerance, and your cat's diet should be switched to a diet that is designed for liver or kidney disease. Your cat will need to be placed in a protective environment so that activity is restricted. You may want to consider cage rest during the recovery and therapy process. Oxygen therapy and fluid therapy with electrolyte and vitamin supplementation will need to be given to stabilize your cat's health, and you will also need to take care to keep your cat warm while it is recovering.
To assure your cat is receiving enough calories, a feeding tube may need to be inserted. Should this be necessary, your veterinarian will go over this process with you for home care.
If the source of the liver disease is a congenital shunt, surgical correction may resolve the condition. If the portosystemic shunt was acquired, abnormal blood vessels should not be tied off.
Zinc supplementation can be given as needed. Other treatments that may be prescribed are antibiotics, enemas, diuretics and seizure-control medications.
Living and Management
Your veterinarian will schedule follow-up appointments for your cat according to the underlying diseased state. Contact your veterinarian immediately if your cat's symptoms return or worsen, if your cat loses weight, or if your cat begins to look unwell.
Something that is artificially created
An involuntary action in which the muscles contract; caused by a problem with the brain.
Something that is related to the whole body and not just one particular part or organ
An in-depth examination of the properties of urine; used to determine the presence or absence of illness
The process of elimination when it comes to the bowels or the bladder
The condition of being drowsy, listless, or weak
A disease of the brain of any type
The fluid created by the liver that helps food in the stomach to be digested.
A type of protein that can be dissolved in water; found in milk, egg white, certain muscle, blood, and some urine.
The process of removing tissue to examine it, usually for medical reasons.
The amount of pressure applied by the blood on the arteries.
Term used to imply that a situation or condition is more severe than usual; also used to refer to a disease having run a short course or come on suddenly.
Referring to the liver