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If your cat is showing signs of liver failure, inpatient care with fluids and electrolyte supplements will be necessary, but most animals can be treated on an outpatient basis. Treatment will be determined by whether it is acute or chronic hepatitis, or whether it is liver scarring/cirrhosis.
Making modifications to your cat's diet and providing it with foods that are low in copper has proven to be effective in most cases. However, most commercially available diets contain excessive amounts of copper, so you will need to create a diet plan with your veterinarian's guidance, and follow the instructions carefully. You will also need to avoid giving your cat mineral supplements containing copper. If required, your veterinarian can provide you with water-soluble vitamins.
In rarer cases, a surgical liver biopsy may be needed to screen for copper-storage liver disease and to monitor response to treatment. Be aware that animals with liver failure are surgical and anesthetic risks.
Following therapy (six months to one year), your cat should be re-biopsied to monitor the effectiveness of the therapy. Additionally, blood tests will be done every four to six months to monitor liver enzyme levels. Your veterinarian may also ask you to monitor and keep a record of your cat's body weight.
The term for black feces that has blood in it
A condition in which the skin becomes yellow in color as do the mucous membranes; this is due to excess amounts of bilirubin.
A condition in which the liver becomes inflamed
The group of processes that involve the use of nutrients by the body
Another term for jaundice
A condition of dead tissue
An in-depth examination of the properties of urine; used to determine the presence or absence of illness
A medical condition involving excessive thirst
Referring to the liver
A substance that causes chemical change to another
The collection of fluid in the peritoneal cavity.
Any substance known to eliminate feeling; usually applied during a painful medical procedure.
A condition of the blood in which normal red blood cell counts or hemoglobin are lacking.
The fluid created by the liver that helps food in the stomach to be digested.
A certain pigment that is produced when hemoglobin is destroyed.
A disease of the brain of any type
The process of making something larger by dilating or stretching it
The process of removing tissue to examine it, usually for medical reasons.
Term used to imply that a situation or condition is more severe than usual; also used to refer to a disease having run a short course or come on suddenly.