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If your cat has a concurrent bacterial or viral infection, or a parasitic infestation, your veterinarian will need to treat it first with an appropriate antibiotic or anti-parasitic drug. Once the underlying cause of the prolapse has been identified and treated, your veterinarian will first need to decrease the swelling and return the displaced tissue to its proper location inside the cat's anus.
This may be done manually by performing a gentle massage on the area, or by using lubricating gels or topical agents (e.g., a 50 percent dextrose solution), which aids in the reduction of the swelling. An anesthetic agent may be administered to relieve pain and discomfort. The anesthetic most commonly used is an epidural; however, your veterinarian will make his decision based upon your cat's individual needs.
Next, your veterinarian may choose to stitch the protruding tissue in its proper location to keep the tissue in place and to prevent a recurrence of a prolapse. Purse string sutures are the likeliest choice for this procedure, and the stitches will be left loose to allow for excretion.
In the case of purse string suture placement, you will need to feed your cat a low-residue diet until the stitches are removed, to reduce straining and discomfort during the passing of waste matter. Your doctor may also prescribe stool softeners, to achieve the same result.
If the disorder is found to be deeper in the cat's rectal canal, the intestine may require surgical repairing.
One should watch out for recurrences of prolapsed tissue, especially if the underlying cause was not eliminated. Watch the site in which the cat had surgery for the first five to seven days, as there is a possibility of splitting and reopening, especially when the cat defecates.
After surgery, there is also a chance that your cat may lose control over its bladder and bowel, and have involuntary “accidents.” Your pet may be just as disturbed as you when there is an “accident.” Placing the litter box close to your cat's resting area may help avoid any accidents or related stress.
The falling forward of something, usually visceral
The very end of the large intestine
Eliminating or the material that has actually been eliminated
The process of removing tissue to examine it, usually for medical reasons.
The end of the gastrointestinal tract; the opening at the end of the tract.
Any substance known to eliminate feeling; usually applied during a painful medical procedure.
Something that is found above the dura mater