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Anal or rectal prolapse is a condition in which one or more layers of the cat's rectum are displaced through the anus, the opening which allows digestive waste to leave the body. It can be caused by a variety of factors, including disorders of the digestive, urinary, or genital systems.
Although cats of any gender, age, or breed may be affected by this disorder, the Manx cat appears to be more prone to the conditions. If you would like to learn how these disorders affect dogs, please visit this page in the PetMD health library.
Rectal prolapse occurs when all layers of the anal/rectal tissue, along with the rectal lining, protrude through the external anal opening. The protrusion of the rectal lining through the external anal opening, meanwhile, is solely referred to as anal prolapse.
Cats with rectal prolapse will demonstrate persistent straining while passing stool (or defecating). In an incomplete prolapse, a small portion of the lining of the rectum will be visible during excretion, after which it will subside. In a complete prolapse, there will be a persistent mass of tissue protruding from the cat's anus. In the chronic stages of complete prolapse, this tissue might be black or blue in appearance.
A cat may develop rectal or anal prolapse if it strains while passing stool, or if it undergoes surgery to the lower digestive organs. Other contributing factors for these two conditions include:
Your veterinarian will perform a complete physical examination of your cat, including a chemical blood profile and a complete blood count. The results will usually return normal, though there may be high levels of white blood cells, similar to those seen when an infection is present. A test of stools samples may reveal the presence of parasites.
Further diagnostic procedures include X-rays or ultrasounds of the abdominal area, which may demonstrate a large prostate, foreign bodies, thickening of the bladder walls, or kidney stones.
Your doctor will also conduct a manual rectal examination to feel for displaced tissue masses. During pathological examination of the tissue (for biopsy), it may appear swollen, and will ooze red blood when incised. The tissue, if dead, appears dark purple or black and oozes bluish blood when incised.
The falling forward of something, usually visceral
The very end of the large intestine
Eliminating or the material that has actually been eliminated
The process of removing tissue to examine it, usually for medical reasons.
The end of the gastrointestinal tract; the opening at the end of the tract.
Any substance known to eliminate feeling; usually applied during a painful medical procedure.
Something that is found above the dura mater