Fungal Infection (Histoplasmosis) in Cats
Histoplasmosis in Cats
Histoplasmosis refers to a fungal infection caused by the Histoplasma capsulatum fungus. It usually enters an animal's intestinal tract after being ingested through contaminated soil or bird droppings.
The most common symptoms for cats are lack of appetite, weight loss, and difficulty breathing. Other potential signs may include:
The primary cause of this infection is the ingestion of the Histoplasma capsulatum fungus. The fungus may be breathed in when contaminated soil is disturbed, such as when a cat scratches at dirt that it has used for its own waste, or when your cat comes into contact with contaminated bird (including poultry) or bat droppings.
Your veterinarian will want to differentiate the symptoms from heart failure, feline asthma, lymphoma, pyothorax, and fungal pneumonia. A chemical blood profile, complete blood count, and a urinalysis will be conducted. Blood tests may confirm the presence of histoplasma antibodies, although this only means that your cat has been exposed, not that it is in a diseased state. Further differential testing will either confirm or rule out the actual state of histoplasmosis.
A special type of tissue that exudes mucus
The collection of pus in the pleural cavity
An in-depth examination of the properties of urine; used to determine the presence or absence of illness
The impairment of nutrient intake into the intestines
A medical condition in which the lymph nodes are inflamed
The feces of an animal
Small structures that filter out the lymph and store lymphocytes
An allergic disorder that results in difficulty breathing.
A term for a type of neoplasm that is made up of lymphoid tissue; these masses are usually malignant in nature